Section 2 in The Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act, 2005.

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "board" means the Board of directors of a credit information company; (b) "borrower" means any person who has been granted loan or any other credit facility by a credit institution and includes a client of a credit institution; (c) "client" includes— (i) a guarantor or a person who proposes to give guarantee or security for a borrower of a credit institution; or (ii) a person— (A) who has obtained or seeks to obtain financial assistance from a credit institution, by way of loans, advances, hire purchase, leasing facility, letter of credit, guarantee facility, venture capital assistance or by way of credit cards or in any other form or manner; (B) who has raised or seeks to raise money by issue of security as defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (42 of 1956), or by issue of commercial paper, depository receipt or any other instrument; (C) whose financial standing has been assessed or is proposed to be assessed by a credit institution or any other person or institution as may, by notification, be directed by the Reserve Bank; (d) "credit information" means any information relating to— (i) the amounts and the nature of loans or advances, amounts outstanding under credit cards and other credit facilities granted or to be granted, by a credit institution to any borrower; (ii) the nature of security taken or proposed to be taken by a credit institution from any borrower for credit facilities granted or proposed to be granted to him; (iii) the guarantee furnished or any other non-fund based facility granted or proposed to be granted by a credit institution for any of its borrowers; (iv) the credit worthiness of any borrower of a credit institution; (v) any other matter which the Reserve Bank may, consider necessary for inclusion in the credit information to be collected and maintained by credit information companies, and, specify, by notification, in this behalf; (e) "credit information company" means a company formed and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) and which has been granted a certificate of registration under sub-section (2) of section 5; (f) "credit institution" means a banking company and includes— (i) a corresponding new bank, the State Bank of India, a subsidiary bank, a co-operative bank, the National Bank and regional rural bank; (ii) a non-banking financial company as defined under clause (f) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934); (iii) a public financial institution referred to in section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956); (iv) the financial corporation established by a State under section 3 of the State Financial Corporation Act, 1951 (63 of 1951); (v) the housing finance institution referred to in clause (d) of section 2 of the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 (53 of 1987); (vi) the companies engaged in the business of credit cards and other similar cards and companies dealing with distribution of credit in any other manner; (vii) any other institution which the Reserve Bank may specify, from time to time, for the purposes of this clause; (g) "credit scoring" means a system which enables a credit institution to assess the credit worthiness and capacity of a borrower to repay his loan and advances and discharge his other obligations in respect of credit facility availed or to be availed by him; (h) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette of India; i) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (j) "regulations" means regulations made by the Reserve Bank under this Act; (k) "Reserve Bank" means the Reserve Bank of India constituted under section 3 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934); (l) "specified user" means any credit institution, credit information company being a member under sub-section (3) of section 15, and includes such other person or institution as may be specified by regulations made, from time to time, by the Reserve Bank for the purpose of obtaining credit information from a credit information company; (m) words and expressions used herein and not defined in this Act but defined in the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934) or the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) or the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Acts.

Title: Prohibition to commence or carry on business of credit information.

Description: Save as otherwise provided in this Act, no company shall commence or carry on the business of credit information without obtaining a certificate of registration from the Reserve Bank under this Act.

Title: Application for registration

Description: (1) Every company which intends to commence the business of credit information shall make an application for registration to the Reserve Bank in such form and manner as may be specified by regulations. (2) Every credit information company, in existence on the commencement of this Act, before the expiry of six months from such commencement, shall apply in writing to the Reserve Bank for obtaining a certificate of registration under this Act: Provided that in the case of a credit information company in existence on the commencement of this Act, nothing in section 3 shall be deemed to prohibit such credit information company from carrying on the business of a credit information company, until it is granted a certificate of registration or is by notice in writing informed by the Reserve Bank that a certificate of registration cannot be granted to it.

Title: Grant of certificate of registration

Description: (1) The Reserve Bank may, for the purpose of considering the application of a company for grant of a certificate of registration to commence or carry on the business of credit information, require to be satisfied, by an inspection of records or books of such company or otherwise that the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:-- (a) that the applicant company has minimum capital structure referred to in section 8; (b) that the general character of the management or the proposed management of the applicant company shall not be prejudicial to the interest of its specified users, clients or borrowers, or other credit information companies; (c) that any other condition, the fulfilment of which in the opinion of the Reserve Bank, shall be necessary to ensure that the commencement or carrying on of the business of credit information by the applicant company shall not be detrimental or prejudicial to the public interest or banking policy or credit system or its specified users or clients or borrowers or other credit information companies or others who would provide credit information to the credit information companies. (2) The Reserve Bank may, after being satisfied that the conditions as referred to in sub-section (1) are fulfilled, grant a certificate of registration to the applicant company to commence or carry on the business of credit information, subject to such conditions which it may consider fit to impose and if the company fails to fulfil any of such conditions or any of the provisions of this Act, the application of the company shall be rejected: Provided that no application shall be rejected unless the applicant has been given an opportunity of being heard. (3) The Reserve Bank may, having regard to the available business of credit information, the potential and scope for expansion of existing credit information companies and other relevant factors, determine the total number of the credit information companies which may be granted the certificates of registration for carrying on the business of credit information: Provided that the total number of such credit information companies so determined may, on being satisfied by the Reserve Bank, that there is change in available business of credit information, potential and scope for expansion of existing credit information companies and other relevant factors relating thereto, be reviewed by the Reserve Bank.

Title: Power of Reserve Bank to cancel certificate of registration

Description: (1) The Reserve Bank may cancel a certificate of registration granted to a credit information company under sub-section (2) of section 5 if such company,-- (i) ceases to carry on the business of credit information; or (ii) has failed to comply with any of the conditions subject to which the certificate of registration has been granted to it; or (iii) at any time fails to fulfil any of the conditions referred to in sub-clauses (a) to (c) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 5; or (iv) fails— (a) to comply with the provisions of any law for the time being in force or any direction issued by the Reserve Bank under the provisions of this Act; or (b) to submit or offer for inspection its books of account and other relevant documents when so demanded by the officers, persons or agency referred to in sub-section (1) of section 12. (2) Before cancelling the certificate of registration granted to a credit information company under this section on the ground that the company has failed to comply with the conditions specified in clauses (a) to (c) of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 5 or the provisions of any other law for the time being in force or directions issued under this Act, the Reserve Bank, shall grant time to such company on such terms as the Reserve Bank may deem appropriate for taking necessary steps to comply with such directions or provisions or fulfilment of such conditions, within such time: Provided that if the Reserve Bank is of the opinion that the delay in cancelling the certificate of registration of such company shall be prejudicial or detrimental to the public interest or banking policy or credit system or borrowers or other credit information companies, the Reserve Bank may cancel the certificate of registration without granting time as provided in sub-section (2). (3) No order of cancellation of certificate of registration, granted to a credit information company, shall be made by the Reserve Bank unless such company has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.