Section 34 in The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005

Title: Power to remove difficulties

Description: (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as appear to it to be necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty: Provided that no order shall be made under this section after the expiry of three years from the commencement of this Act. (2) Every order made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament.

Title: Short title and commencement

Description: (1) This Act may be called the Manipur University Act, 2005. (2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 13th day of October, 2005.

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, and in all Statutes made hereunder, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "Academic Council" means the Academic Council of the University; (b) "academic staff" means such categories of staff as are designated as academic staff by the Ordinances; (c) "Affiliated College" means a college admitted to the privileges of the University; (d) "Board of Studies" means the Board of Studies of the University; (e) "Chancellor", "Vice-Chancellor" and "Pro-Vice-Chancellor" mean, respectively, the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor and Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University; (f) "College Development Council" means the College Development Council of the University; (g) "Constituent College" means a college maintained by the University; (h) "Court" means the Court of the University; (i) "Department" means a Department of Studies and includes a Centre of Studies; (j) "distance education system" means the system of imparting education through any means of communication, such as broadcasting, telecasting, correspondence courses, seminars, contact programmes or the combination of any two or more such means; (k) "employee" means any person appointed by the University and includes teachers and other staff of the University; (l) "Executive Council" means the Executive Council of the University; (m) "Hall" means a unit of residence or of corporate life for the students of the University, or of a College or an Institution, maintained by the University; (n) "Institution" means an academic institution, not being a College, maintained by, or admitted to the privileges of, the University; (o) "Principal" means the Head of a College or an Institution maintained by the University and includes, where there is no Principal, the person for the time being duly appointed to act as Principal, and in the absence of the Principal, or the acting Principal, a Vice-Principal duly appointed as such; (p) "recognised teachers" means such persons as may be recognised by the University for the purpose of imparting instructions in a College or an Institution admitted to the privileges of the University; (q) "Regulations" means the Regulations made by any authority of the University under this Act for the time being in force; (r) "School" means a School of Studies of the University; (s) "Statutes" and "Ordinances" mean, respectively, the Statutes and the Ordinances of the University for the time being in force; (t) "teachers of the University" means Professors, Readers, Lecturers and such other persons as may be appointed for imparting instruction or conducting research in the University or in any College or Institution maintained by the University and are designated as teachers by the Ordinances; (u) "University" means the Manipur University established and incorporated as a University under this Act.

Title: Establishment of the University

Description: (1) The Manipur University in the State of Manipur, established under the Manipur University Act, 1980 (Manipur Act 8 of 1980), shall be established as a body corporate under this Act by the same name of "Manipur University". (2) The first Chancellor, the first Vice-Chancellor and the first members of the Court, the Executive Council and the Academic Council, and all persons who may hereafter become such officers or members, so long as they continue to hold such office or membership, shall constitute the University. (3) The University shall have perpetual succession and a common seal and shall sue and be sued by the said name. (4) The headquarters of the University shall be at Imphal.

Title: Effect of establishment of the University

Description: On and from the date of commencement of this Act,-- (a) any reference to the Manipur University in any contract or other instrument shall be deemed as a reference to the University; (b) all properties, movable and immovable, of or belonging to the Manipur University shall vest in the University; (c) all rights and liabilities of the Manipur University shall be transferred to, and be the rights and liabilities of, the University; (d) every person employed by the Manipur University immediately before the commencement of this Act shall hold his office or service in the University by the same tenure, at the same remuneration and upon the same terms and conditions and with the same rights and privileges as to pension, leave, gratuity, provident fund and other matters as he would have held the same if this Act had not been enacted, and shall continue to do so unless and until his employment is terminated or until such promulgated tenure, remuneration and terms and conditions are duly altered by the Statutes: Provided that if the alteration so made is not acceptable to such employee, his employment may be terminated by the University in accordance with the term of the contract with the employee or, if no provision is made therein in this behalf, on payment to him by the University of compensation equivalent to three months' remuneration in case of permanent employees and one month's remuneration in the case of other employees: Provided further that any reference, by whatever form of words, to the Vice-Chancellor and ProVice-Chancellor of the Manipur University in any law for the time being in force, or in any instrument or other document, shall be construed as a reference respectively to the Vice-Chancellor and the Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University; (e) the Vice-Chancellor of the Manipur University, appointed under the provisions of the Manipur University Act, 1980 (Manipur Act 8 of 1980) shall be deemed to have been appointed as the ViceChancellor under this Act, and shall hold office for a period of three months or till such time the first Vice-Chancellor is appointed under section 47 of the Act, whichever is earlier; and (f) all Colleges, Institutions, Schools and Departments affiliated to, or admitted to the privileges of, or maintained by, the Manipur University shall stand affiliated to, or admitted to the privilege of, or maintained by, the University.