Section 5 in The Armed Forces Tribunal Act, 2007
Title: Composition of Tribunal and Benches thereof
(1) The Tribunal shall consist of a Chairperson, and such number of Judicial and Administrative Members as the Central Government may deem fit and, subject to the other provisions of this Act, the jurisdiction, powers and authority of the Tribunal may be exercised by Benches thereof.
(2) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, a Bench shall consist of one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Chairperson—
(a) may, in addition to discharging the functions of a Judicial Member of the Bench to which he is appointed, discharge the functions of an Administrative Member of any other Bench;
(b) may transfer a Member from one Bench to another Bench;
(c) may, for the purpose of securing that any case or cases, which having regard to the nature of the questions involved, requires or require, in his opinion, or under the rules made under this Act, to be decided by a Bench composed of more than two members, issue such general or special orders, as he may deem fit:
Provided that every Bench constituted in pursuance of this clause shall include at least one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member.
(4) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Benches of the Tribunal shall ordinarily sit at Delhi (which shall be known as the Principal Bench), and at such other places as the Central Government may, by notification, specify.
Title: Qualifications for appointment of Chairperson and other Members
(1) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the Chairperson unless he is a retired Judge of the Supreme Court or a retired Chief Justice of a High Court.
(2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judicial Member unless he is or has been a Judge of a High Court.
(3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as an Administrative Member unless—
(a) he has held or has been holding the rank of Major General or above for a total period of at least three years in the Army or equivalent rank in the Navy or the Air Force; and
(b) he has served for not less than one year as Judge Advocate General in the Army or the Navy or the Air Force, and is not below the rank of Major General, Commodore and Air Commodore respectively.
Explanation.--When a serving person is appointed as an Administrative Member, he shall have retired from service prior to assuming such appointment.
Title: Appointment of Chairperson and other Members
(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Chairperson and other Members of the Tribunal shall be appointed by the President:
Provided that no appointment under this sub-section shall be made except after consultation with the Chief Justice of India.
(2) The President may appoint one or more Members of the Tribunal to be the Vice-Chairperson, or, as the case may be, the Vice-Chairpersons, thereof.
Title: Term of office
The Chairperson or a Member shall hold office for a term of four years from the date on which he enters upon his office and shall be eligible for re-appointment:
Provided that no Chairperson shall hold office as such after he has attained,--
(a) in case he has been a Judge of the Supreme Court, the age of seventy years; and
(b) in case he has been the Chief Justice of a High Court, the age of sixty-five years:
Provided further that no other Member shall hold office as such Member after he has attained the age of sixty-five years.
Title: Resignation and removal
(1) The Chairperson or a Member may, by notice in writing under his hand addressed to the President, resign his office:
Provided that the Chairperson or a Member shall, unless he is permitted by the President to relinquish his office sooner, continue to hold office until the expiry of three months from the date of receipt of such notice or until a person duly appointed as his successor enters upon his office or until the expiry of his term of office, whichever is the earliest.
(2) The Chairperson or a Member shall not be removed from his office except by an order made by the President on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity after an inquiry made by a sitting Judge of the Supreme Court in which such Chairperson or other Member had been informed of the charges against him and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges.
(3) The Central Government may, by rules, regulate the procedure for the investigation of misbehavior or incapacity of the Chairperson or other Member referred to in sub-section (2).