Section 3 in The Armed Forces Tribunal Act, 2007

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "Administrative Member" means a member of the Tribunal who is not a Judicial Member within the meaning of clause (g); (b) "application" means an application made under sub-section (2) of section 14; (c) "appointed day" means the date with effect from which the Tribunal is established by notification under section 4; (d) "Bench" means a Bench of the Tribunal; (e) "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the Tribunal; (f) "court martial" means a court martial held under the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950) or the Navy Act, 1957 (62 of 1957) including the disciplinary courts constituted under the Act or the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950); (g) "Judicial Member" means a member of the Tribunal appointed as such under this Act, and includes the Chairperson, who possesses any of the qualifications specified in sub-section (2) of section 6; (h) "Member" means a member (whether Judicial or Administrative) of the Tribunal and includes the Chairperson; (i) "military custody" means the arrest or confinement of a person according to the usages of the service and includes naval or air force custody; (j) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette; (k) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (l) "President" means the President of India; (m) "rules" means the rules made under this Act; (n) "service" means the service within or outside India; (o) "service matters", in relation to the persons subject to the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), the Navy Act, 1957 (62 of 1957) and the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950), mean all matters relating to the conditions of their service and shall include— (i) remuneration (including allowances), pension and other retirement benefits; (ii) tenure, including commission, appointment, enrolment, probation, confirmation, seniority, training, promotion, reversion, premature retirement, superannuation, termination of service and penal deductions; (iii) summary disposal and trials where the punishment of dismissal is awarded; (iv) any other matter, whatsoever, but shall not include matters relating to (i) orders issued under section 18 of the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), sub-section (1) of section 15 of the Navy Act, 1957 (62 of 1957) and section 18 of the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950); and (ii) transfers and postings including the change of place or unit on posting whether individually or as a part of unit, formation or ship in relation to the persons subject to the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), the Navy Act, 1957 (62 of 1957) and the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950); (iii) leave of any kind; (iv) summary court martial except where the punishment is of dismissal or imprisonment for more than three months; (p) "summary disposals and trials' means summary disposals and trials held under the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), the Navy Act, 1957 (62 of 1957) and the Air Force Act, 1950 (45 of 1950); (q) "Tribunal" means the Armed Forces Tribunal established under section 4.

Title: Establishment of Armed Forces Tribunal

Description: The Central Government shall, by notification, establish a Tribunal to be known as the Armed Forces Tribunal to exercise the jurisdiction, powers and authority conferred on it by or under this Act.

Title: Composition of Tribunal and Benches thereof

Description: (1) The Tribunal shall consist of a Chairperson, and such number of Judicial and Administrative Members as the Central Government may deem fit and, subject to the other provisions of this Act, the jurisdiction, powers and authority of the Tribunal may be exercised by Benches thereof. (2) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, a Bench shall consist of one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member. (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Chairperson— (a) may, in addition to discharging the functions of a Judicial Member of the Bench to which he is appointed, discharge the functions of an Administrative Member of any other Bench; (b) may transfer a Member from one Bench to another Bench; (c) may, for the purpose of securing that any case or cases, which having regard to the nature of the questions involved, requires or require, in his opinion, or under the rules made under this Act, to be decided by a Bench composed of more than two members, issue such general or special orders, as he may deem fit: Provided that every Bench constituted in pursuance of this clause shall include at least one Judicial Member and one Administrative Member. (4) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Benches of the Tribunal shall ordinarily sit at Delhi (which shall be known as the Principal Bench), and at such other places as the Central Government may, by notification, specify.

Title: Qualifications for appointment of Chairperson and other Members

Description: (1) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the Chairperson unless he is a retired Judge of the Supreme Court or a retired Chief Justice of a High Court. (2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judicial Member unless he is or has been a Judge of a High Court. (3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as an Administrative Member unless— (a) he has held or has been holding the rank of Major General or above for a total period of at least three years in the Army or equivalent rank in the Navy or the Air Force; and (b) he has served for not less than one year as Judge Advocate General in the Army or the Navy or the Air Force, and is not below the rank of Major General, Commodore and Air Commodore respectively. Explanation.--When a serving person is appointed as an Administrative Member, he shall have retired from service prior to assuming such appointment.

Title: Appointment of Chairperson and other Members

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Chairperson and other Members of the Tribunal shall be appointed by the President: Provided that no appointment under this sub-section shall be made except after consultation with the Chief Justice of India. (2) The President may appoint one or more Members of the Tribunal to be the Vice-Chairperson, or, as the case may be, the Vice-Chairpersons, thereof.

CHAPTER 1 PRELIMINARY