Section 12 in The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006

Title: Marriage of a minor child to be void in certain circumstances

Description: Where a child, being a minor— (a) is taken or enticed out of the keeping of the lawful guardian; or (b) by force compelled, or by any deceitful means induced to go from any place; or (c) is sold for the purpose of marriage; and made to go through a form of marriage or if the minor is married after which the minor is sold or trafficked or used for immoral purposes, such marriage shall be null and void.

Title: Power of court to issue injunction prohibiting child marriages

Description: (1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, if, on an application of the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer or on receipt of information through a complaint or otherwise from any person, a Judicial Magistrate of the first class or a Metropolitan Magistrate is satisfied that a child marriage in contravention of this Act has been arranged or is about to be solemnised, such Magistrate shall issue an injunction against any person including a member of an organisation or an association of persons prohibiting such marriage. (2) A complaint under sub-section (1) may be made by any person having personal knowledge or reason to believe, and a non-governmental organisation having reasonable information, relating to the likelihood of taking place of solemnisation of a child marriage or child marriages. (3) The Court of the Judicial Magistrate of the first class or the Metropolitan Magistrate may also take suomotu cognizance on the basis of any reliable report or information. (4) For the purposes of preventing solemnisation of mass child marriages on certain days such as AkshayaTrutiya, the District Magistrate shall be deemed to be the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer with all powers as are conferred on a Child Marriage Prohibition Officer by or under this Act. (5) The District Magistrate shall also have additional powers to stop or prevent solemnisation of child marriages and for this purpose, he may take all appropriate measures and use the minimum force required. (6) No injunction under sub-section (1) shall be issued against any person or member of any organisation or association of persons unless the Court has previously given notice to such person, members of the organisation or association of persons, as the case may be, and has offered him or them an opportunity to show cause against the issue of the injunction: Provided that in the case of any urgency, the Court shall have the power to issue an interim injunction without giving any notice under this section. (7) An injunction issued under sub-section (1) may be confirmed or vacated after giving notice and hearing the party against whom the injunction was issued. (8) The Court may either on its own motion or on the application of any person aggrieved, rescind or alter an injunction issued under sub-section (1). (9) Where an application is received under sub-section (1), the Court shall afford the applicant an early opportunity of appearing before it either in person or by an advocate and if the Court, after hearing the applicant rejects the application wholly or in part, it shall record in writing its reasons for so doing. (10) Whoever knowing that an injunction has been issued under sub-section (1) against him disobeys such injunction shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees or with both: Provided that no woman shall be punishable with imprisonment. STATE AMENDMENT Karnataka Amendment of section 13.--In section 13 of the principal Act, in sub-section (10), -- (a) for the words "of either description for a term which may extend to two years", the words with a minimum term of one year, which may extent up to two years" shall be substituted. (b) proviso shall be omitted. [Vide Karnataka Act 26 of 2017, s. 6].

Title: Child marriages in contravention of injunction orders to be void

Description: Any child marriage solemnised in contravention of an injunction order issued under section 13, whether interim or final, shall be void ab initio.

Title: Offences to be cognizable and non-bailable

Description: Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974), an offence punishable under this Act shall be cognizable and non-bailable. STATE AMENDMENT Karnataka Insertion of new section 15A.--In the principal Act, after section 15, the following shall be inserted, namely:-- “15A. Police Officer to take cognizance of an offence suo-motto.--Every Police Officer shall take cognizance of an offence committed in his jurisdiction under this Act, suo motto.” [Vide Karnataka Act 26 of 2017, s. 7].

Title: Child Marriage Prohibition Officers

Description: (1) The State Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint for the whole State, or such part thereof as may be specified in that notification, an officer or officers to be known as the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer having jurisdiction over the area or areas specified in the notification. (2) The State Government may also request a respectable member of the locality with a record of social service or an officer of the Gram Panchayat or Municipality or an officer of the Government or any public sector undertaking or an office bearer of any non-governmental organisation to assist the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer and such member, officer or office bearer, as the case may be, shall be bound to act accordingly. (3) It shall be the duty of the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer— (a) to prevent solemnisation of child marriages by taking such action as he may deem fit; (b) to collect evidence for the effective prosecution of persons contravening the provisions of this Act; (c) to advise either individual cases or counsel the residents of the locality generally not to indulge in promoting, helping, aiding or allowing the solemnisation of child marriages; (d) to create awareness of the evil which results from child marriages; (e) to sensitize the community on the issue of child marriages; (f) to furnish such periodical returns and statistics as the State Government may direct; and (g) to discharge such other functions and duties as may be assigned to him by the State Government. (4) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, subject to such conditions and limitations, invest the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer with such powers of a police officer as may be specified in the notification and the Child Marriage Prohibition Officer shall exercise such powers subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be specified in the notification. (5) The Child Marriage Prohibition Officer shall have the power to move the Court for an order under sections 4, 5 and 13 and along with the child under section 3.

The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006