Section 5 in The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006

Title: Mandatory increase of seats.

Description: (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (iii) of section 3 and in any other law for the time being in force, every Central Educational Institution shall, with the prior approval of the appropriate authority, increase the number of seats in a branch of study or faculty over and above its annual permitted strength so that the number of seats, excluding those reserved for the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes, is not less than the 1[number of such seats available or actually filled, whichever be less,] for the academic session immediately preceding the date of the coming into force of this Act. (2) Where, on a representation by any Central Educational Institution, the Central Government, in consultation with the appropriate authority, is satisfied that for reasons of financial, physical or academic limitations or in order to maintain the standards of education, the annual permitted strength in any branch of study or faculty of such institution cannot be increased for the academic session following the commencement of this Act, it may permit by notification in the Official Gazette, such institution to increase the annual permitted strength over a maximum period of 2[six years] beginning with the academic session following the commencement of this Act; and then, the extent of reservation for the Other Backward Classes as provided in clause (iii) of section 3 shall be limited for that academic session in such manner that the number of seats available to the Other Backward Classes for each academic session are commensurate with the increase in the permitted strength for each year. 1. Subs. by Act 31 of 2012, s. 5, for "number of such seats available" (w.e.f. 19-6-2012). 2. Subs. by s. 5, ibid., for "three years" (w.e.f. 19-6-2012).

Title: Reservation of seats in admissions to begin in calendar year, 2008.

Description: 6. Reservation of seats in admissions to begin in calendar year, 1[2008].--The Central Educational Institutions shall take all necessary steps, which are required in giving effect to the provisions of sections 3, 4 and 5 of this Act, for the purposes of reservation of seats in admissions to its academic sessions commencing on and from the calendar year, 1 2008. 1. Subs. by s. 6, ibid., for "2007" (w.e.f. 19-6-2012).

Title: Laying of notifications before Parliament.

Description: Every notification made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the notification or both Houses agree that the notification should not be made, the notification shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that notification.

Title: Short title, extent and commencement

Description: (1) This Act may be called the Sports Broadcasting Signals (Mandatory Sharing with Prasar Bharati) Act, 2007. (2) It extends to the whole of India. (3) Save as otherwise provided, it shall be deemed to have come into force on the 11th day of November, 2005.

Title: Definitions

Description: (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "broadcaster" means any person who provides a content broadcasting service and includes a broadcasting network service provider when he manages and operates his own television or radio channel service; (b) "broadcasting" means assembling and programming any form of communication content, like signs, signals, writing, pictures, images and sounds, and either placing it in the electronic form on electro-magnetic waves on specified frequencies and transmitting it through space or cables to make it continuously available on the carrier waves, or continuously streaming it in digital data form on the computer networks, so as to be accessible to single or multiple users through receiving devices either directly or indirectly; and all its grammatical variations and cognate expressions; (c) "broadcasting service" means assembling, programming and placing communication content in electronic form on the electro-magnetic waves on specified frequencies and transmitting it continuously through broadcasting network or networks so as to enable all or any of the multiple users to access it by connecting their receiver devices to their respective broadcasting networks and includes the content broadcasting services and the broadcasting network services; (d) "broadcasting networks service" means a service, which provides a network of infrastructure of cables or transmitting devices for carrying broadcasting content in electronic form on specified frequencies by means of guided or unguided electro-magnetic waves to multiple users, and includes the management and operation of any of the following: (i) Teleport/Hub/Earth Station, (ii) Direct-to-Home (DTH) Broadcasting Network, (iii) Multi-system Cable Television Network, (iv) Local Cable Television Network, (v) Satellite Radio Broadcasting Network, (vi) any other network service as may be prescribed by the Central Government; (e) "cable television channel" service means the assembly, programming and transmission by cables of any broadcasting television content on a given set of frequencies to multiple subscribers; (f) "cable television network" means any system consisting of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, control and distribution equipment, designed to receive and re-transmit television channels or programmes for reception by multiple subscribers; (g) "community radio service" means terrestrial radio broadcasting intended and restricted only to a specific community and within specified territory; (h) "content" means any sound, text, data, picture (still or moving), other audio-visual representation, signal or intelligence of any nature or any combination thereof which is capable of being created, processed, stored, retrieved or communicated electronically; (i) "content broadcasting service" means the assembling, programming and placing content in electronic form and transmitting or retransmitting the same on electromagnetic waves on specified frequencies, on a broadcasting network so as to make it available for access by multiple users by connecting their receiving devices to the network, and includes the management and operation of any of the following: (i) terrestrial television service, (ii) terrestrial radio service, (iii) satellite television service, (iv) satellite radio service, (v) cable television channel service, (vi) community radio service, (vii) any other content broadcasting services as may be prescribed by the Central Government; (j) "Direct-to-Home (DTH) broadcasting service" means a service for multi-channel distribution of programmes direct to a subscriber's premises without passing through an intermediary such as a cable operator by up linking to a satellite system; (k) "Guidelines" means the Guidelines issued under section 5; (l) "multi-system cable television network" means a system for multi-channel downlinking and distribution of television programmes by a land-based transmission system using wired cable or wireless cable or a combination of both for simultaneous reception either by multiple subscribers directly or through one or more local cable operators; (m) "Prasar Bharati" means the Corporation known as the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 (25 of 1990); (n) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (o) "satellite television service" means a television broadcasting service provided by using a satellite, and received with or without the help of a local delivery system but does not include Directto-Home delivery service; (p) "satellite radio service" means a radio broadcasting service provided by using a satellite and directly receivable through receiver sets by multiple subscribers in India; (q) "service provider" means provider of a broadcasting service; (r) "specified" means specified under the Guidelines issued under section 5; (s) "sporting events of national importance" means such national or international sporting events, held in India or abroad, as may be notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette to be of national importance; (t) "terrestrial television service" means a television broadcasting service provided over the air by using a land-based transmitter and directly received through receiver sets by the public; (u) "terrestrial radio service" means a radio broadcasting service provided over the air by using a land-based transmitter and directly received through receiver sets by the public. (2) Words and expressions used and not defined in this Act and defined in the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 (7 of 1995), the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 (24 of 1997), the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885), the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933 (17 of 1933) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Acts.