Section 55 in The Sashastra Seema Bal Act, 2007

Title: Punishments otherwise than by Force Courts

Description: Punishments may also be inflicted in respect of offences committed by persons subject to this Act without the intervention of a Force Court in the manner stated in sections 56, 58 and 59.

Title: Minor punishments

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of section 57, a commanding officer of and above the rank of Commandant may, in the prescribed manner, proceed against a person subject to this Act, other than an officer or a subordinate officer, who is charged with an offence under this Act and award such person, to the extent prescribed, one or more of the following punishments, namely:– (a) imprisonment in Force custody up to twenty-eight days; (b) detention up to twenty-eight days; (c) confinement to the lines up to twenty-eight days; (d) extra guards or duties; (e) deprivation of any special position or special emoluments or any acting rank; (f) severe reprimand or reprimand; (g) fine up to fourteen days' pay in any one month; (h) deductions from his pay and allowances of any sum required to make good any loss or damage occasioned by the offence for which he is punished. (2) If any unit, training centre or other establishment of the Force is being temporarily commanded by an officer of the rank of Second-in Command or Deputy Commandant, such officer shall have full powers of a commanding officer specified in sub-section (1). (3) Subject to the provisions of section 57, a Deputy Commandant or an Assistant Commandant, commanding a company or a detachment or an outpost, shall have the power to proceed against a person subject to this Act, other than an officer or a subordinate officer, who is charged with an offence under this Act and award such person to the extent prescribed, one or more of the punishments specified in clauses (a) to (d) and (h) of sub-section (1) provided that the maximum limit of punishment awarded under each of the clauses (a), (b) and (c) shall not exceed fourteen days. (4) A subordinate officer not below the rank of Sub-Inspector who is commanding a detachment or an outpost shall have the powers to proceed against a person subject to this Act, other than a subordinate officer or an under-officer, who is charged with an offence under this Act and award such person to the extent prescribed, one or more of the punishments specified under clauses (c) and (d) of sub-section (1) provided that the maximum limit of punishment awarded under clause (c) shall not exceed fourteen days.

Title: Limit of punishments under section 56

Description: (1) In the case of an award of two or more of the punishments specified in clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d) of sub-section (1) of section 56, the punishments specified in clause (c) or clause (d) shall take effect only at the end of the punishment specified in clause (a) or clause (b). (2) When two or more of the punishments specified in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub-section (1) of section 56 are awarded to a person conjointly, or when already undergoing one or more of the said punishments, the whole extent of the punishments shall not exceed in the aggregate forty-two days. (3) The punishments specified in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub section (1) of section 56 shall not be awarded to any person who is of the rank of an under-officer or was, at the time of committing the offence for which he is punished, of such rank. (4) The punishment specified in clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 56 shall not be awarded to any person below the rank of an under-officer.

Title: Punishment of persons of or below the rank of Commandant by Inspector-General and others.

Description: (1) An officer not below the rank of Inspector-General may, in the prescribed manner, proceed against an officer of or below the rank of Commandant who is charged with an offence under this Act and award one or more of the following punishments, namely:– (a) forfeiture of seniority, or in the case of any of them whose promotion depends upon length of service, forfeiture of service for the purpose of promotion for a period not exceeding one year, but subject to the right of the accused previous to the award to elect to be tried by a Force Court; (b) severe reprimand or reprimand; (c) deduction from pay and allowances of any sum required to make good any proved loss or damage occasioned by the offence of which he is convicted. (2) An officer not below the rank of Additional Deputy Inspector-General may, in the prescribed manner, proceed against a person of or below the rank of Subedar-Major or Inspector who is charged with an offence under this Act and award one or more of the following punishments, namely:– (a) forfeiture of seniority, or in the case of any of them whose promotion depends upon the length of service, forfeiture of service for the purpose of promotion for a period not exceeding one year, but subject to the right of the accused previous to the award to elect to be tried by a Force Court; (b) severe reprimand or reprimand; (c) deduction from pay and allowances of any sum required to make good any proved loss or damage occasioned by the offence of which he is convicted. (3) An officer not below the rank of Commandant may, in the prescribed manner, proceed against a person of or below the rank of Subedar-Major or Inspector who is charged with an offence under this Act and award any one or both of the following punishments, namely:– (a) severe reprimand or reprimand; (b) deduction from pay and allowances of any sum required to make good any proved loss or damage occasioned by the offence of which he is convicted.

Title: Cancellation, variation or remittance of sentence

Description: (1) In every case in which punishment has been awarded under section 58, certified true copies of the proceedings shall be forwarded, in the prescribed manner, by the officer awarding the punishment to the prescribed superior authority who may, if the punishment awarded appears to him to be illegal, unjust or excessive, cancel, vary or remit the punishment and make such other direction as may be appropriate in the circumstances of the case. (2) For the purpose of sub-section (1), a "superior authority" means,– (a) any officer superior in command to such officer who has awarded the punishment; (b) in the case of punishment awarded by Director-General, the Central Government