Section 16 in The Sashastra Seema Bal Act, 2007

Title: Offences in relation to enemy and punishable with death.

Description: Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, namely:– (a) shamefully abandons or delivers up any post, place or guard, committed to his charge or which it is his duty to defend; or (b) intentionally uses any means to compel or induce any person subject to this Act or to any other law relating to military, naval, air force or any other armed force of the Union to abstain from acting against the enemy or to discourage such person from acting against the enemy; or (c) in the presence of the enemy, shamefully casts away his arms, ammunition, tools or equipment or misbehaves in such manner as to show cowardice; or (d) treacherously holds correspondence with, or communicates intelligence to, the enemy, terrorist or any person in arms against the Union; or (e) directly or indirectly assists the enemy or terrorist with money, arms, ammunition, stores or supplies or in any other manner whatsoever; or (f) in time of active operation against the enemy or terrorist, intentionally occasions a false alarm in action, camp, quarters, or spreads or causes to be spread reports calculated to create alarm or despondency; or (g) in time of action leaves his commanding officer or other superior officer or his post, guard, picket, patrol or party without being regularly relieved or without leave; or (h) having been captured by the enemy or made a prisoner of war, voluntarily serves with or aids the enemy; or (i) knowingly harbours or protects an enemy, not being a prisoner; or (j) being a sentry in time of active operation against the enemy or alarm, sleeps upon his post or is intoxicated; or (k) knowingly does any act calculated to imperil the success of the Force or the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith or any part of such forces, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer death or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

Title: Offences in relation to the enemy and not punishable with death

Description: Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, namely:– (a) is taken prisoner or captured by the enemy, by want of due precaution or through disobedience of order, or willful neglect of duty, or having been taken prisoner or so captured fails to rejoin his service when able to do so; or (b) without due authority holds correspondence with, or communicates intelligence to, the enemy or any person in league with the enemy or having come by the knowledge of any such correspondence or communication, wilfully omits to disclose it immediately to his commandant or other superior officer, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

Title: Offences punishable more severely on active duty than at other times

Description: Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, namely:– (a) forces a safeguard, or forces or uses criminal force to a sentry; or (b) breaks into any house or other place in search of plunder; or (c) being a sentry, sleeps upon his post or is intoxicated; or (d) without orders from his superior officer leaves his guard, picket, patrol or post; or (e) intentionally or through neglect occasions a false alarm in camp or quarters, or spreads or causes to be spread reports calculated to create unnecessary alarm or despondency; or (f) makes known the parole, watchword or countersign to any person not entitled to receive it; or knowingly gives a parole, watchword or a countersign different from what he received, shall, on conviction by a Force Court,– (i) if he commits any such offence when on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to fourteen years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and (ii) if he commits any such offence when not on active duty, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

Title: Mutiny

Description: Any person subject to this Act who commits any of the following offences, namely:– (a) begins, incites, causes or conspires with any other person to cause any mutiny in the Force or in the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith; or (b) joins in any such mutiny; or (c) being present at any such mutiny, does not use his utmost endeavours to suppress the same; or (d) knowing or having reason to believe in the existence of any such mutiny, or of any intention to mutiny or of any such conspiracy, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his commanding officer or other superior officer; or (e) endeavours to seduce any person in the Force or in the military, naval or air force of India or any forces co-operating therewith from his duty or allegiance to the Union, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer death or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned.

Title: Desertion and aiding desertion

Description: (1) Any person subjectto this Act who deserts or attempts to desert the service shall, on conviction by a Force Court,– (a) if he commits the offence when on active duty or when under orders for active duty, be liable to suffer death or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned; and (b) if he commits the offence under any other circumstances, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned. (2) Any person subject to this Act who knowingly harbours any such deserter shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned. (3) Any person subject to this Act who, being cognizant of any desertion or attempt at desertion of a person subject to this Act, does not forthwith give notice to his own or some other superior officer, or take any steps in his power to cause such person to be apprehended, shall, on conviction by a Force Court, be liable to suffer imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or such less punishment as is in this Act mentioned. (4) For the purposes of this Act, a person deserts,– (a) if he absents from his unit or the place of duty at any time with the intention of not reporting back to such unit or place, or who, at any time and under any circumstances when absent from his unit or place of duty, does any act which shows that he has an intention of not reporting to such unit or place of duty; (b) if he absents himself without leave with intent to avoid any active duty.

CHAPTER 3 OFFENCES