Section 18 in The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008
Title: Sanction for prosecution
No prosecution, suit or other legal proceedings shall be instituted in any court of law, except with the previous sanction of the Central Government, against any member of the Agency or any person acting on his behalf in respect of anything done or purported to be done in exercise of the powers conferred by this Act.
Title: Trial by Special Court to have precedence
The trial under this Act of any offence by a Special Court shall be held on day-to- day basis on all working days and have precedence over the trial of any other case against the accused in any other court (not being a Special Court) and shall be concluded in preference to the trial of such other case and accordingly the trial of such other case shall, if necessary, remain in abeyance.
Title: Power to transfer cases to regular courts
Where, after taking cognizance of any offence, a Special Court is of the opinion that the offence is not triable by it, it shall, notwithstanding that it has no jurisdiction to try such offence, transfer the case for the trial of such offence to any court having jurisdiction under the Code and the Court to which the case is transferred may proceed with the trial of the offence as if it had taken cognizance of the offence.
(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, an appeal shall lie from any judgment, sentence or order, not being an interlocutory order, of a Special Court to the High Court both on facts and on law.
(2) Every appeal under sub-section (1) shall be heard by a bench of two Judges of the High Court and shall, as far as possible, be disposed of within a period of three months from the date of admission of the appeal.
(3) Except as aforesaid, no appeal or revision shall lie to any court from any judgment, sentence or order including an interlocutory order of a Special Court.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3) of section 378 of the Code, an appeal shall lie to the High Court against an order of the Special Court granting or refusing bail.
(5) Every appeal under this section shall be preferred within a period of thirty days from the date of the judgment, sentence or order appealed from:
Provided that the High Court may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days if it is satisfied that the appellant had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within the period of thirty days:
Provided further that no appeal shall be entertained after the expiry of period of ninety days.
Title: Power of State Government to designate Court of Session as Special Courts
22. Power of State Government to 1[designate Court of Session as] Special Courts.-- (1) The State Government may 2[designate one or more Courts of Session as] Special Courts for the trial of offences under any or all the enactments specified in the Schedule.
(2) The provisions of this Chapter shall apply to the Special Courts 3[designated] by the State Government under sub-section (1) and shall have effect subject to the following modifications, namely—
(i) references to "Central Government" in sections 11 and 15 shall be construed as references to State Government;
(ii) reference to "Agency" in sub-section (1) of section 13 shall be construed as a reference to the “investigation agency of the State Government";
(iii) reference to “Attorney-General for India” in sub-section (3) of section 13 shall be construed as reference to "Advocate-General of the State".
(3) The jurisdiction conferred by this Act on a Special Court shall, until a Special Court is 3[designated] by the State Government under sub-section (1) in the case of any offence punishable under this Act, notwithstanding anything contained in the Code, be exercised by the Court of Session of the division in which such offence has been committed and it shall have all the powers and follow the procedure provided under this Chapter.
(4) On and from the date when the Special Court is 3[designated] by the State Government the trial of any offence investigated by the State Government under the provisions of this Act, which would have been required to be held before the Special Court, shall stand transferred to that Court on the date on which it is 3[designated].
1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2019, s. 7, for "constitute" (w.e.f. 2-8-2019).
2. Subs. by s. 7, ibid., for "constitute one or more" (w.e.f. 2-8-2019).
3. Subs. by s. 7, ibid., for "constituted" (w.e.f. 2-8-2019).