Section 19 in The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009

Title: Norms and standards for school

Description: (1) No school shall be established, or recognised, under section 18, unless it fulfils the norms and standards specified in the Schedule. (2) Where a school established before the commencement of this Act does not fulfil the norms and standards specified in the Schedule, it shall take steps to fulfil such norms and standards at its own expenses, within a period of three years from the date of such commencement. (3) Where a school fails to fulfil the norms and standards within the period specified under subsection (2), the authority prescribed under sub-section (1) of section 18 shall withdraw recognition granted to such school in the manner specified under sub-section (3) thereof. (4) With effect from the date of withdrawal of recognition under sub-section (3), no school shall continue to function. (5) Any person who continues to run a school after the recognition is withdrawn, shall be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees and in case of continuing contraventions, to a fine of ten thousand rupees for each day during which such contravention continues.

Title: Power to amend Schedule

Description: The Central Government may, by notification, amend the Schedule by adding to, or omitting therefrom, any norms and standards.

Title: School Management Committee

Description: (1) A school, other than a school specified in sub-clause (iv) of clause (n) of section 2, shall constitute a School Management Committee consisting of the elected representatives of the local authority, parents or guardians of children admitted in such school and teachers: Provided that at least three-fourth of members of such Committee shall be parents or guardians: Provided further that proportionate representation shall be given to the parents or guardians of children belonging to disadvantaged group and weaker section: Provided also that fifty per cent. of Members of such Committee shall be women. (2) The School Management Committee shall perform the following functions, namely:-- (a) monitor the working of the school; (b) prepare and recommend school development plan; (c) monitor the utilisation of the grants received from the appropriate Government or local authority or any other source; and (d) perform such other functions as may be prescribed. 1[Provided that the School Management Committee constituted under sub-section (1) in respect of,-- (a) a school established and administered by minority whether based on religion or language; and (b) all other aided schools as defined in sub-section (ii) of clause (n) of section 2, shall perform advisory function only.] 1. Ins. by Act 30 of 2012, s. 5 (w.e.f. 1-8-2012)

Title: School Development Plan

Description: (1) Every 1[School Management Committee, except the School Management Committee in respect of a school established and administered by minority, whether based on religion or language and an aided school as defined in sub-clause (ii) of clause (n) of section 2, constituted] under sub-section (1) of section 21, shall prepare a School Development Plan, in such manner as may be prescribed. (2) The School Development Plan so prepared under sub-section (1) shall be the basis for the plans and grants to be made by the appropriate Government or local authority, as the case may be. 1 . Subs. by s. 6, ibid., for "School Management Committee, constituted" (w.e.f. 1-8-2012).

Title: Qualifications for appointment and terms and conditions of service of teachers.

Description: (1) Any person possessing such minimum qualifications, as laid down by an academic authority, authorised by the Central Government, by notification, shall be eligible for appointment as a teacher. (2) Where a State does not have adequate institutions offering courses or training in teacher education, or teachers possessing minimum qualifications as laid down under sub-section (1) are not available in sufficient numbers, the Central Government may, if it deems necessary, by notification, relax the minimum qualifications required for appointment as a teacher, for such period, not exceeding five years, as may be specified in that notification: Provided that a teacher who, at the commencement of this Act, does not possess minimum qualifications as laid down under sub-section (1), shall acquire such minimum qualifications within a period of five years. 1[Provided further that every teacher appointed or in position as on the 31st March, 2015, who does not possess minimum qualifications as laid down under sub-section (1), shall acquire such minimum qualifications within a period of four years from the date of commencement of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2017 (24 of 2017).] (3) The salary and allowances payable to, and the terms and conditions of service of, teachers shall be such as may be prescribed. 1 Ins. by Act 24 of 2017, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-4-2015).

CHAPTER 4 RESPONSIBILITIES OF SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS