Section 2 in The Prevention and Control of Infectious and Contagious Diseases in Animals Act, 2009

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "animal" means,-- (i) cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, yak, mithun; (ii) dog, cat, pig, horse, camel, ass, mule, poultry, bees; and (iii) any other animal or bird as the Central Government may, by notification, 1specify; (b) "Check Post" means any place established as such by the Director to carry out checking of animals for the purpose of this Act; (c) "Competent Officer" means any person or officer of the Government notified as a Competent Officer under section 17; (d) "compulsory vaccination" means vaccination of any animal against any scheduled disease in respect of which vaccination is made mandatory under the provisions of this Act; (e) "controlled area" means any local area which has been declared as such by the State Government under sub-section (1) of section 6; (f) "defective vaccine" means any vaccine which is expired, breach in seal, contaminated, improperly stored, unlabelled or with mutilated label; (g) "Director", in relation to a State, means any officer in charge of the Department of Animal Husbandry or Veterinary Services, or both, notified by the State Government as such for the purpose of this Act; (h) "free area" means any controlled area which has been declared as such under sub-section (5) of section 6; (i) "infected animal" means an animal which is infected with any scheduled disease; (j) "infected area" means an area declared as such under section 20; (k) "notification" means notification published in the Official Gazette; (l) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (m) "publication" includes propagation of information through the media or newspaper or any other mass media and the means of local communication such as declaration in loud voice and by beating drums in the area; (n) "Quarantine Camp" means any place declared to carry out quarantine of animals and birds for the purpose of this Act; (o) "scheduled disease" means any disease included in the Schedule; (p) "Veterinarian" means a person having a recognised veterinary qualification who, under the law for the time being in force, is allowed to treat animal diseases; (q) "Veterinary Officer" means any officer, appointed as such by the State Government under clause (b) of section 3; (r) "Village Officer", in relation to a village, means any person who is authorised or designated as such in accordance with the qualifications prescribed by the State Government. 1. The "fish, molluse, crustacean and amphibian" shall be aquatic animals within the definition of "animal" defined under clause (a) vide notification No. S.O. 995(E), dated 1st April, 2014.

Title: Appointment of Veterinary Officers

Description: The State Government may, by notification, appoint— (a) such number of persons, as it deems proper, to be Veterinarians to undertake inspection and specifying the local limits of their respective jurisdiction; and (b) such number of Veterinarians, as it deems proper, to be Veterinary Officers, who shall exercise their powers and discharge their duties within the local limits of their jurisdiction as may be specified in the said notification

Title: Reporting scheduled diseases obligatory

Description: (1) Every owner, or any other person, non-governmental organisation, public bodies or the village panchayat, in charge of any animal which he or it has reason to believe to be infective of a scheduled disease shall report the fact to the Village Officer or village panchayat in-charge, who may report the same in writing to the nearest available Veterinarian. (2) The Village Officer shall visit the area falling within his jurisdiction for reporting any outbreak of the disease. (3) Every Veterinarian shall, on receipt of a report under sub-section (1), or otherwise, if he has reason to believe that any animal is infected with a scheduled disease, report the matter to the Veterinary Officer. (4) Where in any State there is any occurrence of scheduled disease in relation to any animal, the Director shall send an intimation to the Directors of the States which are in the immediate neighbourhood of the place where there is such occurrence, for taking appropriate preventive measures against the spread of the disease.

Title: Duty to segregate infected animals

Description: (1) Every owner or person in charge of an animal, which he has reason to believe is infective of a scheduled disease, shall segregate such animal and have it kept in a place away from all other animals which are healthy, and take all possible steps to prevent the infected animal from coming in contact with any other animal. (2) The owner or other person in charge of, or having control over, the animal referred to in sub-section (1) shall confine that animal and prevent it from grazing in a common place or to drink water from any common source including a vessel, pond, lake or river. (3) All other infected animals shall be segregated by the Municipality, Panchayat or other local administration.

Title: Notification of controlled areas and free areas

Description: (1) The State Government may, with the object of preventing, controlling or eradicating any scheduled disease, by notification, declare any area to be a controlled area in respect of any scheduled disease affecting any species of animal and any other species that may be susceptible to the disease specified in the said notification. (2) The State Government shall also cause the substance of the notification issued under sub-section (1) to be published in a local newspaper in the vernacular language and by declaration in loud voice and by beating drums in the area. (3) Where a notification has been issued under sub-section (1), all animals of the species in the controlled area shall be subjected to compulsory vaccination against that disease, and be subjected to such other measures against the disease, in such manner and within such time as the State Government, may, by public notice, direct. (4) The State Government shall make available necessary vaccine and it shall be obligatory on the part of every owner, or the person in charge of an animal which is required to be vaccinated under sub-section (3), to get the animal compulsorily vaccinated. (5) Where the State Government is satisfied, on a report received from the Director or otherwise, that, in any controlled area, any of the scheduled diseases affecting any species of animal is no longer prevalent, it may, by notification, declare the area to be a free area in respect of that disease in relation to the particular species of animal. (6) Where a notification has been issued under sub-section (5), no animal of the species or of any other susceptible species with regard to which it is a free area shall be allowed to enter the free area unless duly immunized by vaccination against that particular disease.