Section 2 in The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008

Title: Definitions

Description: In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-- (a) "Gram Nyayalaya" means a court established under sub-section (1) of section 3; (b) "Gram Panchayat" means an institution (by whatever name called) of self-government constituted, at the village level, under article 243B of the Constitution, for the rural areas; (c) "High Court" means,-- (i) in relation to any State, the High Court for that State; (ii) in relation to a Union territory to which the jurisdiction of the High Court for a State has been extended by law, that High Court; (iii) in relation to any other Union territory, the highest Court of criminal appeal for that territory other than the Supreme Court of India; (d) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette and the expression "notified" shall be construed accordingly; (e) "Nyayadhikari" means the presiding officer of a Gram Nyayalaya appointed under section 5; (f) "Panchayat at intermediate level" means an institution (by whatever name called) of selfgovernment constituted, at the intermediate level, under article 243B of the Constitution, for the rural areas in accordance with the provisions of Part IX of the Constitution; (g) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (h) "Schedule" means the Schedule appended to this Act; (i) "State Government", in relation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof appointed under article 239 of the Constitution; (j) words and expressions used herein and not defined but defined in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) or the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in those Codes.

Title: Establishment of Gram Nyayalayas

Description: (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High Court, may, by notification, establish one or more Gram Nyayalayas for every Panchayat at intermediate level or a group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level in a district or where there is no Panchayat at intermediate level in any State, for a group of contiguous Gram Panchayats. (2) The State Government shall, after consultation with the High Court, specify, by notification, the local limits of the area to which the jurisdiction of a Gram Nyayalaya shall extend and may, at any time, increase, reduce or alter such limits. (3) The Gram Nyayalayas established under sub-section (1) shall be in addition to the courts established under any other law for the time being in force.

Title: Headquarters of Gram Nyayalayas

Description: The headquarters of every Gram Nyayalaya shall be located at the headquarters of the intermediate Panchayat in which the Gram Nyayalaya is established or such other place as may be notified by the State Government.

Title: Appointment of Nyayadhikari

Description: The State Government shall, in consultation with the High Court, appoint a Nyayadhikari for every Gram Nyayalaya.

Title: Qualifications for appointment of Nyayadhikari

Description: (1) A person shall not be qualified to be appointed as a Nyayadhikari unless he is eligible to be appointed as a Judicial Magistrate of the first class. (2) While appointing a Nyayadhikari, representation shall be given to the members of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, women and such other classes or communities as may be specified by notification, by the State Government from time to time.