Section 116 in The Transfer of Property Act, 1882
Title: Effect of holding over.
If a lessee or under-lessee of property remains in possession thereof after the determination of the lease granted to the lessee, and the lessor or his legal representative accepts rent from the lessee or under-lessee, or otherwise assents to his continuing in possession, the lease is, in the absence of an agreement to the contrary, renewed from year to year, or from month to month, according to the purpose for which the property is leased, as specified in section 106.
(a) A lets a house to B for five years. B underlets the house to C at a monthly rent of Rs. 100. The five years expire, but C continues in possession of the house and pays the rent to A. C's lease is renewed from month to month.
(b) A lets a farm to B for the life of C. C dies, but B continues in possession with A's assent. B's lease is renewed from year to year.
Title: Exemption of leases for agricultural purposes.
None of the provisions of this Chapter apply to leases for agricultural purposes, except in so far as the State Government 1*** may by notification published in the Official Gazette, declare all or any of such provisions to be so applicable 2[in the case of all or any such leases], together with, or subject to, those of the local law, if any, for the time being in force.
Such notification shall not take effect until the expiry of six months from the date of its publication.
1. The words "with the previous sanction of the Governor General in Council" omitted by Act 38 of 1920, s. 2 and the First Schedule.
2. Ins. by Act 6 of 1904, s. 6.
Title: “Exchange” defined
When two persons mutually transfer the ownership of one thing for the ownership of another neither thing or both things being money only, the transaction is called an "exchange".
A transfer of property in completion of an exchange can be made only in manner provided for the transfer of such property by sale.]
Title: Right of party deprived of thing received in exchange.
1[119. Right of party deprived of thing received in exchange-- If any party to an exchange or any person claiming through or under such party is by reason of any defect in the title of the other party deprived of the thing or any part of the thing received by him in exchange, then, unless a contrary intention appears from the terms of the exchange, such other party is liable to him or any person claiming through or under him for loss caused thereby, or at the option of the person so deprived, for the return of the thing transferred, if still in the possession of such other party or his legal representative or a transferee from h im without consideration.]
1. Subs. by Act 20 of 1929, s. 59, for section 119.
Title: Rights and liabilities of parties.
Save as otherwise provided in this Chapter, each party has the rights and is subject to the liabilities of a seller as to that which he gives, and the rights and is subject to the liabiliti es of a buyer as to that which he takes.