Section 43 in The Nalanda University Act, 2010
Title: Transitional provisions
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act and the Statutes,--
(a) the first Registrar and the first Finance Officer shall be appointed by the Governing Board and each of the said officers shall hold office for a term of three years;
(b) the first Board of School of Studies shall consist of not more than eleven members, who shall be nominated by the Governing Board and they shall hold office for a term of three years;
(c) the first Academic Council shall consist of not more than nineteen members, who shall be nominated by the Governing Board and they shall hold office for a term of three years:
Provided that if any vacancy occurs in the above offices or authorities, the same shall be filled by appointment or nomination, as the case may be, by the Governing Board, and the person so appointed or nominated shall hold office for so long as the officer or member in whose place he is appointed or nominated would have held office, if such vacancy had not occurred.
Title: Repeal of University of Nalanda Act
(1) The University of Nalanda Act, 2007 (Bihar Act 18 of 2007) is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal,--
(a) all appointments made, orders issued, degrees and other academic distinctions conferred, diplomas and certificates awarded, privileges granted, or other things done under the University of Nalanda Act, 2007 (Bihar Act 18 of 2007), shall be deemed to have been respectively made, issued, conferred, awarded, granted or done under the corresponding provisions of this Act and, except as otherwise provided by or under this Act or the Statutes, continue in force unless and until they are superseded by any order made under this Act or the Statutes; and
(b) all proceedings of Selection Committees for the appointment or promotion of teachers that took place before the commencement of this Act and all actions of the Governing Body in respect of the recommendations of such Selection Committees where no orders of appointment on the basis thereof were passed before the commencement of this Act shall, notwithstanding that the procedure for selection has been modified by this Act, be deemed to have been valid but further proceeding in connection with such pending selections shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of this Act and be continued from the stage where they stood immediately before such commencement, except if the concerned authorities take, with the approval of the Visitor, a decision to the contrary.
Title: Short title and commencement.
(1) This Act may be called the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010.
(2) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
1 18th October, 2010, vide notification No. S.O 2569(E), dated 18th October, 2010, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3(ii).
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "accident" means an accident involving a fortuitous or sudden or unintended occurrence while handling any hazardous substance or equipment, or plant, or vehicle resulting in continuous or intermittent or repeated exposure to death, of, or, injury to, any person or damage to any property or environment but does not include an accident by reason only of war or civil disturbance;
(b) "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the National Green Tribunal;
(c) "environment" includes water, air and land and the inter-relationship, which exists among and between water, air and land and human beings, other living creatures, plants, micro-organism and property;
(d) "Expert Member" means a member of the Tribunal who, is appointed as such, and holds qualifications specified in sub-section (2) of section 5, and, is not a Judicial Member;
(e) "handling", in relation to any hazardous substance, means the manufacture, processing, treatment, package, storage, transportation, use, collection, destruction, conversion, offering for sale, transfer or the like of such hazardous substance;
(f) "hazardous substance" means any substance or preparation which is defined as hazardous substance in the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), and exceeding such quantity as specified or may be specified by the Central Government under the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 (6 of 1991);
(g) "injury" includes permanent, partial or total disablement or sickness resulting out of an accident;
(h) "Judicial Member" means a member of the Tribunal who is qualified to be appointed as such under sub-section (1) of section 5 and includes the Chairperson;
(i) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(j) "person" includes—
(i) an individual,
(ii) a Hindu undivided family,
(iii) a company,
(iv) a firm,
(v) an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not,
(vi) trustee of a trust,
(vii) a local authority, and
(viii) every artificial juridical person, not falling within any of the preceding sub-clauses;
(k) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(l) "Schedule" means Schedules I, II and III appended to this Act;
(m) "substantial question relating to environment' shall include an instance where,--
(i) there is a direct violation of a specific statutory environmental obligation by a person by which,--
(A) the community at large other than an individual or group of individuals is affected or likely to be affected by the environmental consequences; or
(B) the gravity of damage to the environment or property is substantial; or
(C) the damage to public health is broadly measurable;
(ii) the environmental consequences relate to a specific activity or a point source of pollution;
(n) "Tribunal" means the National Green Tribunal established under section 3;
(o) "workman" has the meaning assigned to it in the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923 (8 of 1923).
(2) The words and expressions used in this Act but not defined herein and defined in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974), the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977 (36 of 1977), the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 (69 of 1980), the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 (14 of 1981), the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 (6 of 1991) and the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (18 of 2003) and other Acts relating to environment shall have the meaning, respectively, assigned to them in those Acts.
Title: Establishment of Tribunal.
The Central Government shall, by notification, establish, with effect from such date as may be specified therein, a Tribunal to be known as the National Green Tribunal to exercise the jurisdiction, powers and authority conferred on such Tribunal by or under this Act.