Section 3 in The Arms Act, 1959

Title: Licence for acquisition and possession of firearms and ammunition.

Description: 1[(1)] No person shall acquire, have in his possession, or carry any firearm or ammunition unless he holds in this behalf a licence issued in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder: Provided that a person may, without himself holding a licence, carry any firearm or ammunition in the presence, or under the written authority, of the holder of the licence for repair or for renewal of the licence or for use by such holder. 2[(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), no person, other than a person referred to in sub-section (3), shall acquire, have in his possession or carry, at any time, more than 3[two firearm]: Provided that a person who has in his possession more firearms than three at the commencement of the Arms (Amendment) Act, 1983 (25 of 1983), may retain with him any three of such firearms and shall deposit, within ninety days from such commencement, the remaining firearms with the officer in charge of the nearest police station or, subject to the conditions prescribed for the purposes of sub-section (1) of section 21, with a licensed dealer or, where such person is a member of the armed forces of the Union, in a unit armoury referred to in that sub-section. 4[Provided that a person who has in his possession more firearms than two at the commencement of the Arms (Amendment) Act, 2019, may retain with him any two of such firearms and shall deposit, within one year from such commencement, the remaining firearm with the officer in charge of the nearest police station or, subject to the conditions prescribed for the purposes of sub-section (1) of section 21, with a licensed dealer or, where such person is a member of the armed forces of the Union, in a unit armoury referred to in that sub-section after which it shall be delicensed within ninety days from the date of expiry of aforesaid one year: Provided further that while granting arms licence on inheritance or heirloom basis, the limit of two firearms shall not be exceeded.] (3) Nothing contained in sub-section (2) shall apply to any dealer in firearms or to any member of a rifle club or rifle association licensed or recognised by the Central Government using a point 22 bore rifle or an air rifle for target practice. (4) The provisions of sub-sections (2) to (6) (both inclusive) of section 21 shall apply in relation to any deposit of firearms under the proviso to sub-section (2) as they apply in relation to the deposit of any arm or ammunition under sub-section (1) of that section.] 1. Section 3 re-numbered as sub-section (1) thereof by Act 25 of 1983, s. 3 (w.e.f. 22-6-1983). 2. Ins. by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 22-6-1983). 3. Subs. by Act 48 of 2019, s. 3, for "three firearms" (w.e.f. 14-12-2019). 4. Ins. by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 14-12-2019).

Title: Licence for acquisition and possession of arms of specified description in certain cases.

Description: If the Central Government is of opinion that having regard to the circumstances prevailing in any area it is necessary or expedient in the public interest that the acquisition, possession or carrying of arms other than firearms should also be regulated, it may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that this section shall apply to the area specified in the notification, and thereupon no person shall acquire, have in his possession or carry in that area arms of such class or description as may be specified in that notification unless he holds in this behalf a licence issued in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder.

Title: Licence for manufacture, sale, etc., of arms and ammunition.

Description: 1[(1)] No person shall— (a) 2[use, 3[manufacture, obtain, procure]] sell, transfer, convert, repair, test or prove, or (b) expose or offer for sale or transfer or have in his possession for sale, transfer, conversion, repair, test or proof, any firearm or any other arms of such class or description as may be prescribed or any ammunition, unless he holds in this behalf a licence issued in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder: 4* * * * * 5[(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), a person may, without holding a licence in this behalf, sell or transfer any arms or ammunition which he lawfully possesses for his own private use to another person who is entitled by virtue of this Act or any other law for the time being in force to have, or is not prohibited by this Act or such other law from having in his possession such arms or ammunition: Provided that no firearm or ammunition in respect of which a licence is required under section 3 and no arms in respect of which a licence is required under section 4 shall be so sold or transferred by any person unless— (a) he has informed in writing the district magistrate having jurisdiction or the officer in charge of the nearest police station of his intention to sell or transfer such firearms, ammunition or other arms and the name and address of the person to whom he intends to sell or transfer such firearms, ammunition or the other arms, and (b) a period of not less than forty-five days has expired after the giving of such information.] 1. Section 5 re-numbered as sub-section (1) thereof by Act 25 of 1983, s. 4 (w.e.f. 22-6-1983). 2. Subs. by Act 42 of 1988, s. 3, for "manufacture" (w.e.f. 27-5-1988). 3. Subs. by Act 48 of 2019, s. 4, for "manufacture" (w.e.f. 14-12-2019). 4. The proviso omitted by Act 25 of 1983, s. 4 (w.e.f. 22-6-1983). 5. Ins. by s. 4, ibid. (w.e.f. 22-6-1983).

Title: Licence for the shortening of guns or conversion of imitation firearms into firearms.

Description: No person shall shorten the barrel of a firearm or convert an imitation firearm into a firearm 1[or convert from any category of firearms mentioned in the Arms Rules, 2016 into any other category of firearms] unless he holds in this behalf a licence issued in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder. Explanation. In this section, the expression "imitation firearm" means anything which has the appearance of being a firearm, whether it is capable of discharging any shot, bullet or other missile or not. 1. Ins. by Act 48 of 2019, s. 5 (w.e.f. 14-12-2019).

Title: Prohibition of acquisition or possession, or of manufacture or sale of prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition.

Description: No person shall— (a) acquire, have in his possession or carry; or (b) 1[use, manufacture] sell, transfer, convert, repair, test or prove; or (c) expose or offer for sale or transfer or have in his possession for sale, transfer, conversion, repair, test or proof; any prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition unless he has been specially authorised by the Central Government in this behalf. 1. Subs. by Act 42 of 1988, s. 4, for “manufacture” (w.e.f. 27-5-1988).