Section 61 in The Prisons Act, 1894
Title: Exhibition of copies of rules.
Copies of rules, under 1[section 59] so far as they affect the government of prisons, shall be exhibited, both in English and in the Vernacular, in some place to which all persons employed within a prison have access.
1. Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "sections 59 and 60".
Title: Exercise of powers of Superintendent and Medical Officer.
All or any of the powers and duties conferred and imposed by this Act on a Superintendent or Medical Officer may in his absence be exercised and performed by such other officer as the State Government may appoint in this behalf either by name or by his official designation.
Title: Short title, extent and commencement.
(1) This Act may be called the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
1. 16th May, 1981,vide notificationNo. G.S.R. 351(E), dated 15th May, 1981, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, sec. 3 (i).
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "air pollutant" means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance 1[(including noise)] present in the atmosphere in such concentration as may be or tend to be injurious to human beings or other living creatures or plants or property or environment;
(b) "air pollution" means the presence in the atmosphere of any air pollutant;
(c) "approved appliance" means any equipment or gadget used for the bringing of any combustible material or for generating or consuming any fume, gas of particulate matter and approved by the State Board for the purposes of this Act;
(d) "approved fuel" means any fuel approved by the State Board for the purposes of this Act;
(e) "automobile" means any vehicle powered either by internal combustion engine or by any method of generating power to drive such vehicle by burning fuel;
(f) "Board" means the Central Board or a State Board;
(g) "Central Board" means the 2[Central Pollution Control Board] constituted under section 3 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974);
(h) "chimney" includes any structure with an opening or outlet from or through which any air pollutant may be emitted;
(i) "control equipment" means any apparatus, device, equipment or system to control the quality and manner of emission of any air pollutant and includes any device used for securing the efficient operation of any industrial plant;
(j) "emission" means any solid or liquid or gaseous substance coming out of any chimney, duct or flue or any other outlet;
(k) "industrial plant" means any plant used for any industrial or trade purposes and emitting any air pollutant into the atmosphere;
(l) "member" means a member of the Central Board or a State Board, as the case may be, and includes the Chairman thereof;
3[(m) "occupier", in relation to any factory or premises, means the person who has control over the affairs of the factory or the premises, and includes, in relation to any substance, the person in possession of the substance;]
(n) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act by the Central Government or, as the case may be, the State Government;
(o) "State Board" means,--
(i) in relation to a State in which the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974), is in force and the State Government has constituted for that State a 4[State Pollution Control Board] under section 4 of that Act, the said State Board; and
(ii) in relation to any other State, the State Board for the Prevention and Control of Air Pollution constituted by the State Government under section 5 of this Act.
1 Ins. by Act 47 of 1987, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-4-1988).
2 Subs. by s. 2,ibid., for Central Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution (w.e.f. 1-4-1988).
3 Subs. by Act 47 of 1987, s. 2, for clause (m) (w.e.f. 1-4-1988).
4 Subs. by s. 2, ibid., for State Board for the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution (w.e.f. 1-4-1988).
Title: Central Pollution Control Board.
1[3. Central Pollution Control Board.--The Central Pollution Control Board constituted under section 3 of the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 (6 of 1974), shall, without prejudice to the exercise and performance of its powers and functions under that Act, exercise the powers and perform the functions of the Central Pollution Control Board for the prevention and control of air pollution under this Act.]
1 Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for sections 3 and 4 (w.e.f. 1-4-1988).