Section 186 in Motor Vehicles Act

Title: Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive

Description: Whoever drives a motor vehicle in any public place when he is to his knowledge suffering from any disease or disability calculated to cause his driving of the vehicle to be a source of danger to the public, shall be punishable for the first offence with fine which may extend to 1[one thousand rupees] and for a second or subsequent offence with fine which may extend to 2[two thousand rupees]. 1. Subs. by Act 32 of 2019, s. 69, for “two hundred rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 2. Subs. by s. 69, ibid., for “five hundred rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019).

Title: Punishment for offences relating to accident

Description: Whoever fails to comply with the provisions of clause 1[(a)] of sub-section (1) of section 132 or section 133 or section 134 shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 2[six months], or with fine 3[of five thousand rupees], or with both or, if having been previously convicted of an offence under this section, he is again convicted of an offence under this section, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 4[one year], or with fine 5[of ten thousand rupees], or with both. 1. Subs. by s. 70, ibid., for “(c)” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 2. Subs. by s. 70, ibid., for “three months” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 3. Subs. by s. 70, ibid., for “which may extend to five hundred rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 4. Subs. by s. 70, ibid., for “six months” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 5. Subs. by s. 70, ibid., for “which may extend to one thousand rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019)

Title: Punishment for abetment of certain offences

Description: Whoever abets the commission of an offence under section 184, section 185 or section 186 shall be punishable with the punishment provided for the offence. 1. Subs. by s. 71, ibid., for “one month” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 2. Subs. by s. 71, ibid., for “which may extend to five hundred rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 3. Ins. by s. 71, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-9-2019).

Title: Racing and trials of speed

Description: Whoever without the written consent of the State Government permits or takes part in a race or trial of speed of any kind between motor vehicles in any public place shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 1[three months], or with fine 2[of five thousand rupees], or with both 3[and for a subsequent offence shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine of ten thousand rupees; or with both.] 1. Subs. by s. 72, ibid., for which may extend to two hundred and fifty rupees (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 2. Subs. by s. 72, ibid., for which may extend to one thousand rupees (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 3. Ins. by s. 72, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 4. Subs. by s. 72, ibid., for a fine of one thousand rupees (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 5. Subs. by s. 72, ibid., for a fine of two thousand rupees (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 6. Subs. by s. 72, ibid., for which may extend to three thousand rupees (w.e.f. 1-9-2019). 7. Subs. by Act 32 of 2019, s. 72, for “which may extend to five thousand rupees” (w.e.f. 1-9-2019).

Title: Using vehicle in unsafe condition

Description: (1) Any person who drives or causes or allows to be driven in any public place a motor vehicle or trailer while the vehicle or trailer has any defect, which such person knows of or could have discovered by the exercise of ordinary care and which is calculated to render the driving of the vehicle a source of danger to persons and vehicles using such place, shall be punishable with fine 1[of one thousand five hundred rupees] or, if as a result of such defect an accident is caused causing bodily injury or damage to property, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine 2[of five thousand rupees], or with both 3[and for a subsequent offence shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with a fine of ten thousand rupees for bodily injury or damage to property]. (2) Any person who drives or causes or allows to be driven, in any public place a motor vehicle, which violates the standards prescribed in relation to road safety, control of noise and air-pollution, shall be punishable for the first offence with 4[imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both and he shall be disqualified for holding licence for a period of three months] and for any second or subsequent offence with 5[imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both]. (3) Any person who drives or causes or allows to be driven, in any public place a motor vehicle which violates the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder relating to the carriage of goods which are of dangerous or hazardous nature to human life, shall be punishable for the first offence 6[with a fine of ten thousand rupees and he shall be disqualified for holding licence for a period of three months], or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with both, and for any second or subsequent offence with fine 7[of twenty thousand rupees], or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with both.

CHAPTER 13 OFFENCES PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE