Section 187 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Title: Punishment for certain actions.

Description: If a bankruptcy trustee,— (a) has fraudulently misapplied, retained or accounted for any money or property comprised in the estate of the bankrupt; or (b) has wilfully acted in a manner that the estate of the bankrupt has suffered any loss in consequence of breach of any duty of the bankruptcy trustee in carrying out his functions under section 149, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, which shall not be less than three times the amount of the loss caused, or likely to have been caused, to persons concerned on account of such contravention, or with both: Provided that where such loss or unlawful gain is not quantifiable, the total amount of fine imposed shall not exceed five lakh rupees: Provided further that the bankruptcy trustee shall not be liable under this section if he seizes or disposes of any property which is not comprised in the estate of the bankrupt and at that time had reasonable grounds to believe that he is entitled to seize or dispose that property.

Title: Establishment and incorporation of Board.

Description: (1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint, there shall be established, for the purposes of this Code, a Board by the name of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India. (2) The Board shall be a body corporate by the name aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power, subject to the provisions of this Code, to acquire, hold and dispose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract, and shall, by the said name, sue or be sued. (3) The head office of the Board shall be at such place in the National Capital Region, as the Central Government may, by notification, specify. Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, the expression “National Capital Region” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (f) of section 2 of the National Capital Region Planning Board Act, 1985 (2 of 1985). (4) The Board may establish offices at other places in India.

Title: Constitution of Board.

Description: (1) The Board shall consist of the following members who shall be appointed by the Central Government, namely:— (a) a Chairperson; (b) three members from amongst the officers of the Central Government not below the rank of Joint Secretary or equivalent, one each to represent the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Ministry of Law, ex officio; (c) one member to be nominated by the Reserve Bank of India, ex officio; (d) five other members to be nominated by the Central Government, of whom at least three shall be the whole-time members. (2) The Chairperson and the other members shall be persons of ability, integrity and standing, who have shown capacity in dealing with problems relating to insolvency or bankruptcy and have special knowledge and experience in the field of law, finance, economics, accountancy or administration. (3) The appointment of the Chairperson and the members of the Board other than the appointment of an ex officio member under this section shall be made after obtaining the recommendation of a selection committee consisting of— (a) Cabinet Secretary— Chairperson; (b) Secretary to the Government of India to be nominated by the Central Government— Member; (c) Chairperson of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (in case of selection of members of the Board)— Member; (d) three experts of repute from the field of finance, law, management, insolvency and related subjects, to be nominated by the Central Government— Members. (4) The term of office of the Chairperson and members (other than ex officio members) shall be five years or till they attain the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier, and they shall be eligible for reappointment. (5) The salaries and allowances payable to, and other terms and conditions of service of, the Chairperson and members (other than the ex officio members) shall be such as may be prescribed.

Title: Removal of member from office.

Description: The Central Government may remove a member from office if he— (a) is an undischarged bankrupt as defined under Part III; (b) has become physically or mentally incapable of acting as a member; (c) has been convicted of an offence, which in the opinion of the Central Government involves moral turpitude; (d) has, so abused his position as to render his continuation in office detrimental to the public interest: Provided that no member shall be removed under clause (d) unless he has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in the matter.

Title: Powers of Chairperson.

Description: Save as otherwise determined by regulations, the Chairperson shall have powers of general superintendence and direction of the affairs of the Board and may also exercise such other powers as may be delegated to him by the Board.