Section 171 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Title: Proof of debt.
(1) The bankruptcy trustee shall give notice to each of the creditors to submit proof of debt within fourteen days of preparing the list of creditors under section 132.
(2) The proof of debt shall—
(a) require the creditor to give full particulars of debt, including the date on which the debt was contracted and the value at which that person assesses it;
(b) require the creditor to give full particulars of the security, including the date on which the security was given and the value at which that person assesses it;
(c) be in such form and manner as may be prescribed.
(3) In case the creditor is a decree holder against the bankrupt, a copy of the decree shall be a valid proof of debt.
(4) Where a debt bears interest, that interest shall be provable as part of the debt except in so far as it is owed in respect of any period after the bankruptcy commencement date
(5) The bankruptcy trustee shall estimate the value of any bankruptcy debt which does not have a specific value.
(6) The value assigned by the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (5) shall be the amount provable by the concerned creditor.
(7) A creditor may prove for a debt where payment would have become due at a date later than the bankruptcy commencement date as if it were owed presently and may receive dividends in a manner as may be prescribed.
(8) Where the bankruptcy trustee serves a notice under sub-section (1) and the person on whom the notice is served does not file a proof of security within thirty days after the date of service of the notice, the bankruptcy trustee may, with leave of the Adjudicating Authority, sell or dispose of any property that was subject to the security, free of that security.
Title: Proof of debt by secured creditors.
(1) Where a secured creditor realises his security, he may produce proof of the balance due to him.
(2) Where a secured creditor surrenders his security to the bankruptcy trustee for the general benefit of the creditors, he may produce proof of his whole claim.
Title: Mutual credit and set-off.
(1) Where before the bankruptcy commencement date, there have been mutual dealings between the bankrupt and any creditor, the bankruptcy trustee shall—
(a) take an account of what is due from each party to the other in respect of the mutual dealings and the sums due from one party shall be set-off against the sums due from the other; and
(b) only the balance shall be provable as a bankruptcy debt or as the amount payable to the bankruptcy trustee as part of the estate of the bankrupt.
(2) Sums due from the bankrupt to another party shall not be included in the account taken by the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (1), if that other party had notice at the time they became due that an application for bankruptcy relating to the bankrupt was pending.
Title: Distribution of interim dividend.
(1) Whenever the bankruptcy trustee has sufficient funds in his hand, he may declare and distribute interim dividend among the creditors in respect of the bankruptcy debts which they have respectively proved.
(2) Where the bankruptcy trustee has declared any interim dividend, he shall give notice of such dividend and the manner in which it is proposed to be distributed.
(3) In the calculation and distribution of the interim dividend, the bankruptcy trustee shall make provision for—
(a) any bankruptcy debts which appear to him to be due to persons who, by reason of the distance of their place of residence, may not have had sufficient time to tender and establish their debts; and
(b) any bankruptcy debts which are subject of claims which have not yet been determined;
(c) disputed proofs and claims; and
(d) expenses necessary for the administration of the estate of the bankrupt.
Title: Distribution of property.
(1) The bankruptcy trustee may, with the approval of the committee of creditors, divide in its existing form amongst the creditors, according to its estimated value, any property in its existing form which from its peculiar nature or other special circumstances cannot be readily or advantageously sold.
(2) An approval under sub-section (1) shall be sought by the bankruptcy trustee for each transaction, and a person dealing with the bankruptcy trustee in good faith and for value shall not be required to enquire whether any approval required under sub-section (1) has been given.
(3) Where the bankruptcy trustee has done anything without the approval of the committee of creditors, the committee may, for the purpose of enabling him to meet his expenses out of the estate of the bankrupt, ratify the act of the bankruptcy trustee.
(4) The committee of the creditors shall not ratify the act of the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (3) unless it is satisfied that the bankruptcy trustee acted in a case of urgency and has sought its ratification without undue delay.