Section 166 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Title: Effect of order.

Description: (1) Subject to the provision of sub-section (2), an order passed by the Adjudicating Authority under section 164 or section 165 shall not,— (a) give rise to a right against a person interested in the property which was acquired in an undervalued transaction or a transaction giving preference, whether or not he is the person with whom the bankrupt entered into such transaction; and (b) require any person to pay a sum to the bankruptcy trustee in respect of the benefit received from the undervalued transaction or a transaction giving preference, whether or not he is the person with whom the bankrupt entered into such transaction. (2) The provision of sub-section (1) shall apply only if the interest was acquired or the benefit was received— (a) in good faith; (b) for value; (c) without notice that the bankrupt entered into the transaction at an undervalue or for giving preference; (d) without notice that the bankrupt has filed an application for bankruptcy or a bankruptcy order has been passed; and (e) by any person who at the time of acquiring the interest or receiving the benefit was not an associate of the bankrupt. (3) Any sum required to be paid to the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (1) shall be included in the estate of the bankrupt.

Title: Extortionate credit transactions.

Description: (1) Subject to sub-section (6), on an application by the bankruptcy trustee, the Adjudicating Authority may make an order under this section in respect of extortionate credit transactions to which the bankrupt is or has been a party. (2) The transactions under sub-section (1) should have been entered into by the bankrupt during the period of two years ending on the bankruptcy commencement date. (3) An order of the Adjudicating Authority may— (a) set aside the whole or part of any debt created by the transaction; (b) vary the terms of the transaction or vary the terms on which any security for the purposes of the transaction is held; (c) require any person who has been paid by the bankrupt under any transaction, to pay a sum to the bankruptcy trustee; (d) require any person to surrender to the bankruptcy trustee any property of the bankrupt held as security for the purposes of the transaction. (4) Any sum paid or any property surrendered to the bankruptcy trustee shall be included in the estate of the bankrupt. (5) For the purposes of this section, an extortionate credit transaction is a transaction for or involving the provision of credit to the bankrupt by any person— (a) on terms requiring the bankrupt to make exorbitant payments in respect of the credit provided; or (b) which is unconscionable under the principles of law relating to contracts. (6) Any debt extended by a person regulated for the provision of financial services in compliance with the law in force in relation to such debt, shall not be considered as an extortionate credit transaction under this section.

Title: Obligations under contracts.

Description: (1) This section shall apply where a contract has been entered into by the bankrupt with a person before the bankruptcy commencement date. (2) Any party to a contract, other than the bankrupt under sub-section (1), may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for— (a) an order discharging the obligations of the applicant or the bankrupt under the contract; and (b) payment of damages by the party or the bankrupt, for non-performance of the contract or otherwise. (3) Any damages payable by the bankrupt by virtue of an order under clause (b) of sub-section (2) shall be provable as bankruptcy debt. (4) When a bankrupt is a party to the contract under this section jointly with another person, that person may sue or be sued in respect of the contract without joinder of the bankrupt.

Title: Continuance of proceedings on death of bankrupt.

Description: If a bankrupt dies, the bankruptcy proceedings shall, continue as if he were alive.

Title: Administration of estate of deceased bankrupt.

Description: (1) All the provisions of Chapter V relating to the administration and distribution of the estate of the bankrupt shall, so far as the same are applicable, apply to the administration of the estate of a deceased bankrupt. (2) While administering the estate of a deceased bankrupt, the bankruptcy trustee shall have regard to the claims by the legal representatives of the deceased bankrupt to payment of the proper funeral and testamentary expenses incurred by them. (3) The claims under sub-section (2) shall rank equally to the secured creditors in the priority provided under section 178. (4) If, on the administration of the estate of a deceased bankrupt, any surplus remains in the hands of the bankruptcy trustee after payment in full of all the debts due from the deceased bankrupt, together with the costs of the administration and interest as provided under section 178, such surplus shall be paid to the legal representatives of the estate of the deceased bankrupt or dealt with in such manner as may be prescribed.

PART 3 INSOLVENCY RESOLUTION AND BANKRUPTCY FOR INDIVIDUALS AND PARTNERSHIP FIRMS CHAPTER 5 ADMINISTRATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE ESTATE OF BANKRUPT