Section 144 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Title: Fees of bankruptcy trustee.

Description: (1) A bankruptcy trustee appointed for conducting the bankruptcy process shall charge such fees as may be specified in proportion to the value of the estate of the bankrupt. (2) The fees for the conduct of the bankruptcy process shall be paid to the bankruptcy trustee from the distribution of the estate of the bankrupt in the manner provided in section 178.

Title: Replacement of bankruptcy trustee.

Description: (1) Where Committee of creditors is of the opinion that at any time during the bankruptcy process, a bankruptcy trustee appointed under section 125 is required to be replaced, it may replace him with another bankruptcy trustee in the manner provided under this section. (2) The Committee of creditors may, at a meeting, by a vote of seventy-five per cent. of voting share, propose to replace the bankruptcy trustee appointed under section 125 with another bankruptcy trustee. (3) The Committee of creditors may apply to the Adjudicating Authority for the replacement of the bankruptcy trustee. (4) The Adjudicating Authority shall within seven days of the receipt of the application under subsection (3) direct the Board to recommend for replacement of bankruptcy trustee. (5) The Board shall, within ten days of the direction of the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (4), recommend a bankruptcy trustee for replacement against whom no disciplinary proceedings are pending. (6) The Adjudicating Authority shall, by an order, appoint the bankruptcy trustee as recommended by the Board under sub-section (5) within fourteen days of receiving such recommendation. (7) The earlier bankruptcy trustee shall deliver possession of the estate of the bankrupt to the bankruptcy trustee appointed under sub-section (6), on the date of his appointment. (8) The Adjudicating Authority may give directions to the earlier bankruptcy trustee— (a) to share all information with the new bankruptcy trustee in respect of the bankruptcy process; and (b) to co-operate with the new bankruptcy trustee in such matters as may be required. (9) The earlier bankruptcy trustee replaced under this section shall be released in accordance with the provisions of section 148. (10) The bankruptcy trustee appointed under this section shall give a notice of his appointment to the bankrupt within seven days of his appointment.

Title: Resignation by bankruptcy trustee.

Description: (1) A bankruptcy trustee may resign if— (a) he intends to cease practising as an insolvency professional; or (b) there is conflict of interest or change of personal circumstances which preclude the further discharge of his duties as a bankruptcy trustee. (2) The Adjudicating Authority shall, within seven days of the acceptance of the resignation of the bankruptcy trustee, direct the Board for his replacement. (3) The Board shall, within ten days of the direction of the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (2) recommend another bankruptcy trustee as a replacement. (4) The Adjudicating Authority shall appoint the bankruptcy trustee recommended by the Board under sub-section (3) within fourteen days of receiving the recommendation. (5) The replaced bankruptcy trustee shall deliver possession of the estate of the bankrupt to the bankruptcy trustee appointed under sub-section (4), on the date of his appointment. (6) The Adjudicating Authority may give directions to the bankruptcy trustee who has resigned— (a) to share all information with the new bankruptcy trustee in respect of the bankruptcy process; and (b) to co-operate with the new bankruptcy trustee in such matters as may be required. (7) The bankruptcy trustee appointed under this section shall give a notice of his appointment to the committee of creditors and the bankrupt within seven days of his appointment. (8) The bankruptcy trustee replaced under this section shall be released in accordance with the provisions of section 148.

Title: Vacancy in office of bankruptcy trustee.

Description: (1) If a vacancy occurs in the office of the bankruptcy trustee for any reason other than his replacement or resignation, the vacancy shall be filled in accordance with the provisions of this section. (2) In the event of the occurrence of vacancy referred to in sub-section (1), the Adjudicating Authority shall direct the Board for replacement of a bankruptcy trustee. (3) The Board shall, within ten days of the direction of the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (2), recommend a bankruptcy trustee as a replacement. (4) The Adjudicating Authority shall appoint the bankruptcy trustee recommended by the Board under sub-section (3) within fourteen days of receiving the recommendation. (5) The earlier bankruptcy trustee shall deliver possession of the estate of the bankrupt to the bankruptcy trustee appointed under sub-section (4), on the date of his appointment. (6) The Adjudicating Authority may give directions to the bankruptcy trustee who has vacated the office— (a) to share all information with the new bankruptcy trustee in respect of the bankruptcy; (b) to co-operate with the new bankruptcy trustee in such matters as may be required. (7) The bankruptcy trustee appointed under sub-section (4) shall give a notice of his appointment to the committee of creditors and the bankrupt within seven days of his appointment. (8) The earlier bankruptcy trustee replaced under this section shall be released in accordance with the provisions of section 148: Provided that this section shall not apply if the vacancy has occurred due to temporary illness or temporary leave of the bankruptcy trustee.

Title: Release of bankruptcy trustee.

Description: (1) A bankruptcy trustee shall be released from his office with effect from the date on which the Adjudicating Authority passes an order appointing a new bankruptcy trustee in the event of replacement, resignation or occurrence of vacancy under sections 145, 146 or section 147, as the case may be. (2) Notwithstanding the release under sub-section (1), the bankruptcy trustee who has been so released, shall share all information with the new bankruptcy trustee in respect of the bankruptcy process and co-operate with the new bankruptcy trustee in such matters as may be required. (3) A bankruptcy trustee who has completed the administration of the bankruptcy process shall be released of his duties with effect from the date on which the committee of creditors approves the report of the bankruptcy trustee under section 137.

PART 3 INSOLVENCY RESOLUTION AND BANKRUPTCY FOR INDIVIDUALS AND PARTNERSHIP FIRMS CHAPTER 4 BANKRUPTCY ORDER FOR INDIVIDUALS AND PARTNERSHIP FIRMS