Section 138 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016

Title: Discharge order.

Description: (1) The bankruptcy trustee shall apply to the Adjudicating Authority for a discharge order— (a) on the expiry of one year from the bankruptcy commencement date; or (b) within seven days of the approval of the committee of creditors of the completion of administration of the estates of the bankrupt under section 137, where such approval is obtained prior to the period mentioned in clause (a). (2) The Adjudicating Authority shall pass a discharge order on an application by the bankruptcy trustee under sub-section (1). (3) A copy of the discharge order shall be provided to the Board for the purpose of recording an entry in the register referred to in section 196.

Title: Effect of discharge.

Description: The discharge order under sub-section (2) of section 138 shall release the bankrupt from all the bankruptcy debt: Provided that discharge shall not— (a) affect the functions of the bankruptcy trustee; or (b) affect the operation of the provisions of Chapters IV and V of Part III; or (c) release the bankrupt from any debt incurred by means of fraud or breach of trust to which he was a party; or (d) discharge the bankrupt from any excluded debt.

Title: Disqualification of bankrupt.

Description: (1) The bankrupt shall, from the bankruptcy commencement date, be subject to the disqualifications mentioned in this section. (2) In addition to any disqualification under any other law for the time being in force, a bankrupt shall be disqualified from— (a) being appointed or acting as a trustee or representative in respect of any trust, estate or settlement; (b) being appointed or acting as a public servant; (c) being elected to any public office where the appointment to such office is by election; and (d) being elected or sitting or voting as a member of any local authority. (3) Any disqualification to which a bankrupt may be subject under this section shall cease to have effect, if— (a) the bankruptcy order against him is modified or recalled under section 142; or (b) he is discharged under section 138. Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, the term “public servant” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

Title: Restrictions on bankrupt.

Description: (1) A bankrupt, from the bankruptcy commencement date, shall (a) not act as a director of any company, or directly or indirectly take part in or be concerned in the promotion, formation or management of a company; (b) without the previous sanction of the bankruptcy trustee, be prohibited from creating any charge on his estate or taking any further debt; (c) be required to inform his business partners that he is undergoing a bankruptcy process; (d) prior to entering into any financial or commercial transaction of such value as may be prescribed, either individually or jointly, inform all the parties involved in such transaction that he is undergoing a bankruptcy process; (e) without the previous sanction of the Adjudicating Authority, be incompetent to maintain any legal action or proceedings in relation to the bankruptcy debts; and (f) not be permitted to travel overseas without the permission of the Adjudicating Authority. (2) Any restriction to which a bankrupt may be subject under this section shall cease to have effect, if— (a) the bankruptcy order against him is modified or recalled under section 142; or (b) he is discharged under section 138.

Title: Modification or recall of bankruptcy order.

Description: (1) The Adjudicating Authority may, on an application or suo motu, modify or recall a bankruptcy order, whether or not the bankrupt is discharged, if it appears to the Adjudicating Authority that— (a) there exists an error apparent on the face of such order; or (b) both the bankruptcy debts and the expenses of the bankruptcy have, after the making of the bankruptcy order, either been paid for or secured to the satisfaction of the Adjudicating Authority. (2) Where the Adjudicating Authority modifies or recalls the bankruptcy order under this section, any sale or other disposition of property, payment made or other things duly done by the bankruptcy trustee shall be valid except that the property of the bankrupt shall vest in such person as the Adjudicating Authority may appoint or, in default of any such appointment, revert to the bankrupt on such terms as the Adjudicating Authority may direct. (3) A copy of the order passed by the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (1) shall be provided to the Board, for the purpose of recording an entry in the register referred to in section 191. (4) The modification or recall of the order by the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (1) shall be binding on all creditors so far as it relates to any debts due to them which form a part of the bankruptcy.

PART 3 INSOLVENCY RESOLUTION AND BANKRUPTCY FOR INDIVIDUALS AND PARTNERSHIP FIRMS CHAPTER 4 BANKRUPTCY ORDER FOR INDIVIDUALS AND PARTNERSHIP FIRMS