Section 123 in The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Title: Application by creditor.
(1) The application for bankruptcy by the creditor shall be accompanied by—
(a) the records of insolvency resolution process undertaken under Chapter III;
(b) a copy of the order passed by the Adjudicating Authority under Chapter III permitting the creditor to apply for bankruptcy;
(c) details of the debts owed by the debtor to the creditor as on the date of the application for bankruptcy; and
(d) such other information as may be prescribed.
(2) An application under sub-section (1) made in respect of a debt which is secured, shall be accompanied with—
(a) a statement by the creditor having the right to enforce the security that he shall, in the event of a bankruptcy order being made, give up his security for the benefit of all the creditors of the bankrupt; or
(b) a statement by the creditor stating—
(i) that the application for bankruptcy is only in respect of the unsecured part of the debt; and
(ii) an estimated value of the unsecured part of the debt.
(3) If a secured creditor makes an application for bankruptcy and submits a statement under clause (b) of sub-section (2), the secured and unsecured parts of the debt shall be treated as separate debts.
(4) The creditor may propose an insolvency professional as the bankruptcy trustee in the application for bankruptcy.
(5) An application for bankruptcy under sub-section (1), in case of a deceased debtor, may be filed against his legal representatives.
(6) The application for bankruptcy shall be in such form and manner and accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed.
(7) An application for bankruptcy by the creditor shall not be withdrawn without the permission of the Adjudicating Authority.
Title: Effect of application.
(1) When an application is filed under section 122 or section 123,—
(a) an interim-moratorium shall commence on the date of the making of the application on all actions against the properties of the debtor in respect of his debts and such moratorium shall cease to have effect on the bankruptcy commencement date; and
(b) during the interim-moratorium period—
(i) any pending legal action or legal proceeding against any property of the debtor in respect of any of his debts shall be deemed to have been stayed;
(ii) the creditors of the debtor shall not be entitled to initiate any legal action or legal proceedings against any property of the debtor in respect of any of his debts.
(2) Where the application has been made in relation to a firm, the interim-moratorium under sub-section (1) shall operate against all the partners of the firm as on the date of the making of the application.
(3) The provisions of this section shall not apply to such transactions as may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with any financial sector regulator.
Title: Appointment of insolvency professional as bankruptcy trustee.
(1) If an insolvency professional is proposed as the bankruptcy trustee in the application for bankruptcy under section 122 or section 123, the Adjudicating Authority shall direct the Board within seven days of receiving the application for bankruptcy to confirm that there are no disciplinary proceedings pending against such professional.
(2) The Board shall within ten days of the receipt of the direction under sub-section (1) in writing either—
(a) confirm the appointment of the proposed insolvency professional as the bankruptcy trustee for the bankruptcy process; or
(b) reject the appointment of the proposed insolvency professional as the bankruptcy trustee and nominate another bankruptcy trustee for the bankruptcy process.
(3) Where a bankruptcy trustee is not proposed by the debtor or creditor under section 122 or 123, the Adjudicating Authority shall direct the Board within seven days of receiving the application to nominate a bankruptcy trustee for the bankruptcy process.
(4) The Board shall nominate a bankruptcy trustee within ten days of receiving the direction of the Adjudicating Authority under sub-section (3).
(5) The bankruptcy trustee confirmed or nominated under this section shall be appointed as the bankruptcy trustee by the Adjudicating Authority in the bankruptcy order under section 126
Title: Bankruptcy order.
(1) The Adjudicating Authority shall pass a bankruptcy order within fourteen days of receiving the confirmation or nomination of the bankruptcy trustee under section 125.
(2) The Adjudicating Authority shall provide the following documents to bankrupt, creditors and the bankruptcy trustee within seven days of the passing of the bankruptcy order, namely:—
(a) a copy of the application for bankruptcy; and
(b) a copy of the bankruptcy order.
Title: Validity of bankruptcy order.
The bankruptcy order passed by the Adjudicating Authority under section 126 shall continue to have effect till the debtor is discharged under section 138.