Section 91 in Motor Vehicles Act

Title: Restriction of hours of work of drivers

Description: 1 [(1) The hours of work of any person engaged for operating a transport vehicle shall be such as provided in the Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961 (27 of 1961).] (2) A State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, grant such exemptions from the provisions of sub-section (1) as it thinks fit, to meet cases of emergency or of delays by reason of circumstances which could not be foreseen. (3) A State Government or, if authorised in this behalf by the State Government by rules made under section 96, the State or a Regional Transport Authority may require persons employing any person whose work is subject to any of the provisions of sub-section (1) to fix beforehand the hours of work of such persons so as to conform to those provisions, and may provide for the recording of the hours so fixed. (4) No person shall work or shall cause or allow any other person to work outside the hours fixed or recorded for the work of such persons under sub-section (3). (5) A State Government may prescribe the circumstances under which and the period during which the driver of a vehicle although not engaged in work is required to remain on or near the vehicle may be deemed to be an interval for rest within the meaning of sub-section (1). 1. Subs. by Act 54 of 1994, s. 29, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 14-11-1994).

Title: Voidance of contracts restrictive of liability

Description: Any contract for the conveyance of a passenger in a 1[transport vehicle, in respect of which a permit or licence] has been issued under this Chapter, shall, so far as it purports to negative or restrict the liability of any person in respect of any claim made against that person in respect of the death of, or bodily injury to, the passenger while being carried in, entering or alighting from the vehicle, or purports to impose any conditions with respect to the enforcement of any such liability, be void. 1. Subs. by Act 32 of 2019, s. 35, for "stage carriage or contract carriage, in respect of which a permit" (w.e.f. 1-9-2019).

Title: Agent or canvasser to obtain licence

Description: (1) No person shall engage himself-- (i) as an agent or a canvasser, in the sale of tickets for travel by public service vehicles or in otherwise soliciting custom for such vehicles, or (ii) as an agent in the business of collecting, forwarding or distributing goods carried by goods carriages, unless he has obtained a licence from such authority and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the State Government. (2) The conditions referred to in sub-section (1) may include all or any of the following matters, namely:-- (a) the period for which a licence may be granted or renewed; (b) the fee payable for the issue or renewal of the licence; (c) the deposit of security-- (i) of a sum not exceeding rupees fifty thousand in the case of an agent in the business of collecting, forwarding or distributing goods carried by goods carriages; (ii) of a sum not exceeding rupees five thousand in the case of any other agent or canvasser, and the circumstances under which the security may be forfeited; (d) the provision by the agent of insurance of goods in transit; (e) the authority by which and the circumstances under which the licence may be suspended or revoked; (f) such other conditions as may be prescribed by the State Government. (3) It shall be a condition of every licence that no agent or canvasser to whom the licence is granted shall advertise in any newspaper, book, list, classified directory or other publication unless there is contained in such advertisement appearing in such newspapers, book, list, classified directory or other publication the licence number, the date of expiry of licence and the particulars of the authority which granted the licence.

Title: Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts

Description: No Civil Court shall have jurisdiction to entertain any question relating to the grant of a permit 1[or licence issued under any scheme] under this Act, and no injunction in respect of any action taken or to be taken by the duly constituted authorities under this Act with regard to the grant of a permit 1[or licence issued under any scheme], shall be entertained by any Civil Court. 1. Ins. by Act 32 of 2019, s. 37 (w.e.f. 1-9-2019).

Title: Power of State Government to make rules as to stage carriages and contract carriages

Description: (1) A State Government may make rules to regulate, in respect of stage carriages and contract carriages and the conduct of passengers in such vehicles. (2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, such rules may-- (a) authorise the removal from such vehicle of any person contravening the rules by the driver or conductor of the vehicle, or, on the request of the driver or conductor, or any passenger, by any police officer; (b) require a passenger who is reasonably suspected by the driver or conductor of contravening the rules to give his name and address to a police officer or to the driver or conductor on demand; (c) require a passenger to declare, if so demanded by the driver or conductor, the journey he intends to take or has taken in the vehicle and to pay the fare for the whole of such journey and to accept any ticket issued therefor; (d) require, on demand being made for the purpose by the driver or conductor or other person authorised by the owners of the vehicle, production during the journey and surrender at the end of the journey by the holder thereof of any ticket issued to him; (e) require a passenger, if so requested by the driver or conductor, to leave the vehicle on the completion of the journey the fare for which he has paid; (f) require the surrender by the holder thereof on the expiry of the period for which it is issued of a ticket issued to him; (g) require a passenger to abstain from doing anything which is likely to obstruct or interfere with the working of the vehicle or to cause damage to any part of the vehicle or its equipment or to cause injury or discomfort to any other passenger; (h) require a passenger not to smoke in any vehicle on which a notice prohibiting smoking is exhibited; (i) require the maintenance of complaint books in stage carriages and prescribe the conditions under which passengers can record any complaints in the same.

CHAPTER 5 CONTROL OF TRANSPORT VEHICLES