Section 3 in The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013

Title: Act to have overriding effect.

Description: The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent there with contained in the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993 ( 46 of 1993) or in any other law, or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any other law.

Title: Local authorities to survey insanitary latrines and provide sanitary community latrines.

Description: (1) Every local authority shall,— (a) carry out a survey of insanitary latrines existing within its jurisdiction, and publish a list of such insanitary latrines, in such manner as may be prescribed, within a period of two months from the date of commencement of this Act; (b) give a notice to the occupier, within fifteen days from the date of publication of the list under clause (a), to either demolish the insanitary latrine or convert it into a sanitary latrine, within a period of six months from the date of commencement of this Act: Provided that the local authority may for sufficient reasons to be recorded in writing extend the said period not exceeding three months; (c) construct, within a period not exceeding nine months from the date of commencement of this Act, such number of sanitary community latrines as it considers necessary, in the areas where insanitary latrines have been found. (2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1), Municipalities, Cantonment Boards and railway authorities shall also construct adequate number of sanitary community latrines, within such period not exceeding three years from the date of commencement of this Act, as the appropriate Government may, by notification, specify, so as to eliminate the practice of open defecation in their jurisdiction. (3) It shall be the responsibility of local authorities to construct community sanitary latrines as specified in sub-sections (1) and (2), and also to make arrangements for their hygienic upkeep at all times. Explanation.—For the purposes of this section, “community” in relation to railway authorities means passengers, staff and other authorised users of railways.

Title: Prohibition of insanitary latrines and employment and engagement of manual scavenger.

Description: (1) Notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993 (46 of 1993), no person, local authority or any agency shall, after the date of commencement of this Act,— (a) construct an insanitary latrine; or (b) engage or employ, either directly or indirectly, a manual scavenger, and every person so engaged or employed shall stand discharged immediately from any obligation, express or implied, to do manual scavenging. (2) Every insanitary latrine existing on the date of commencement of this Act, shall either be demolished or be converted into a sanitary latrine, by the occupier at his own cost, before the expiry of the period so specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 4: Provided that where there are several occupiers in relation to an insanitary latrine, the liability to demolish or convert it shall lie with,— (a) the owner of the premises, in case one of the occupiers happens to be the owner; and (b) all the occupiers, jointly and severally, in all other cases: Provided that the State Government may give assistance for conversion of insanitary latrines into sanitary latrines to occupiers from such categories of persons and on such scale, as it may, by notification, specify: Provided further that non-receipt of State assistance shall not be a valid ground to maintain or use an insanitary latrine, beyond the said period of nine months. (3) If any occupier fails to demolish an insanitary latrine or convert it into a sanitary latrine within the period specified in sub-section (2), the local authority having jurisdiction over the area in which such insanitary latrine is situated, shall, after giving notice of not less than twenty one days to the occupier, either convert such latrine into a sanitary latrine, or demolish such insanitary latrine, and shall be entitled to recover the cost of such conversion or, as the case may be, of demolition, from such occupier in such manner as may be prescribed.

Title: Contract, agreement, etc., to be void.

Description: (1) Any contract, agreement or other instrument entered into or executed before the date of commencement of this Act, engaging or employing a person for the purpose of manual scavenging shall, on the date of commencement of this Act, be terminated and such contract, agreement or other instrument shall be void and inoperative and no compensation shall be payable there for. (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), no person employed or engaged as a manual scavenger on a full-time basis shall be retrenched by his employer, but shall be retained, subject to his willingness, in employment on at least the same emoluments, and shall be assigned work other than manual scavenging.

Title: Prohibition of persons from engagement or employment for hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks

Description: No person, local authority or any agency shall, from such date as the State Government may notify, which shall not be later than one year from the date of commencement of this Act, engage or employ, either directly or indirectly, any person for hazardous cleaning of a sewer or a septic tank.