Section 33 in The National Commission for Homoeopathy Act, 2020

Title: Rights of persons to be enrolled in National Register and their obligations thereto.

Description: (1) Any person who has a recognised medical qualification in Homoeopathy under this Act and qualifies the National Exit Test held under section 15 shall have a licence to practice Homoeopathy and shall have his name and qualifications enrolled in the National Register or a State Register, as the case may be: Provided that a person who has been registered in the Central Register of Homoeopathy maintained under the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973) prior to the coming into force of this Act and before the National Exit Test becomes operational under sub-section (3) of section 15, shall be deemed to have been registered under this Act and be enrolled first in the State Register and subsequently in the National Register maintained under this Act. (2) No person who has obtained a qualification in Homoeopathy from a medical institution established in any country outside India and is recognised as a medical practitioner of Homoeopathy in that country, shall, after the commencement of this Act and the National Exit Test for Homoeopathy becomes operational under sub-section (3) of section 15, be enrolled in the National Register for Homoeopathy, unless he qualifies the National Exit Test for Homoeopathy. (3) When a person whose name is entered in the State Register or the National Register, as the case may be, obtains any title, diploma or qualification for proficiency in sciences or medicine which is a recognised qualification under section 34 or section 35, as the case may be, he shall be entitled to have such title, diploma or qualification entered against his name in the State Register or the National Register, in such manner as may be specified by regulations.

Title: Rights of persons to practice.

Description: (1) No person other than a person who is enrolled in the State Register or the National Register, as the case may be, shall— (a) be allowed to practice Homoeopathy as a qualified practitioner; (b) hold office as a physician or a surgeon or any other office, by whatever name called, which is meant to be held by a physician or surgeon, as the case maybe; (c) be entitled to sign or authenticate a medical or fitness certificate or any other certificate required by any law to be signed or authenticated by a duly qualified medical practitioner; (d) be entitled to give evidence at any inquest or in any court of law as an expert under section 45 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872) on any matter relating to Homoeopathy: Provided that the Commission shall submit a list of such practitioners to the Central Government in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided further that a foreign citizen who is enrolled in his country as a practitioner of Homoeopathy in accordance with the law regulating the registration of such practitioners in that country may be permitted temporary registration in India for such period and in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (2) Any person who acts in contravention of the provisions of this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both. (3) Nothing contained in sub-section (2) shall affect,-- (a) the right of a person enrolled on a State Register as practitioner of Homoeopathy to practice in any State merely on the ground that he does not possess, as on the date of commencement of this Act, a recognised medical qualification in Homoeopathy; (b) the right of a person who has been practicing Homoeopathy for not less than five years in a State, to continue to practice in that State in which a State Register of Homoeopathy is not maintained as on the date of commencement of this Act.

Title: Recognition of qualifications granted by Universities or medical institutions in India.

Description: (1) The medical qualifications in Homoeopathy at undergraduate or postgraduate or super-specialty level granted by any University or medical institution in India shall be listed and maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, in such manner as may be specified by regulations and such medical qualification shall be a recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act. (2) Any University or medical institution in India which grants an undergraduate or postgraduate or super-speciality qualification in Homoeopathy not included in the list maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, may apply to that Board for granting recognition to such qualification. (3) The Homoeopathy Education Board shall examine the application for grant of recognition within period of six months in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (4) Where the Homoeopathy Education Board decides to grant recognition to the qualification in Homoeopathy, it shall include such qualification in the list maintained by it and shall also specify therein the date of effect of such recognition, otherwise it shall communicate its decision not to grant recognition to the concerned University or medical institution. (5) The aggrieved University or the medical institution may prefer an appeal to the Commission within a period of sixty days from the date of communication of the decision of Homoeopathy Education Board in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (6) The Commission shall examine the appeal received under sub-section (5) within a period of two months and if it decides that recognition may be granted to such medical qualification, it may direct the concerned Board to include such qualification in the list maintained by that Board in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (7) Where the Commission decides not to grant recognition under sub-section (6) or fails to decide within the specified period, the aggrieved University or medical institution concerned may prefer a second appeal to the Central Government within a period of thirty days of the communication of such decision or lapse of specified period, as the case may be. (8) All medical qualifications which have been recognised before the date of commencement of this Act and are included in the Second Schedule to the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973),shall also be listed and maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, in such manner as may be specified by regulations.

Title: Recognition of qualifications granted by medical institutions outside India.

Description: (1) Where an authority in any country outside India which, by the law of that country, is entrusted with the recognition of qualifications of Homoeopathy in that country, makes an application to the Commission for granting recognition to such qualification in India, the Commission may, subject to such verification as it deems necessary, either grant or refuse to grant recognition to that medical qualification. (2) Where the Commission grants recognition to any medical qualification under sub-section (1), such qualification shall be a recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act and shall be included in the list maintained by the Commission in such manner as may be specified: Provided that in case the Commission decides not to grant recognition to any qualification, the Commission shall give a reasonable opportunity of being heard to such authority before refusing to grant such recognition. (3) Where the Commission refuses to grant recognition to a medical qualification under sub-section (2), the authority concerned may prefer an appeal to the Central Government for grant of recognition. (4) All qualifications which have been recognised before the date of commencement of this Act and are included in the Third Schedule to the Homoeopathy Central Council, Act, 1973 (59 of 1973) shall also be recognised medical qualifications for the purposes of this Act and shall be listed and maintained by the Commission in such manner as may be specified by regulations.

Title: Withdrawal of recognition or de-recognition of qualification.

Description: (1) Where, upon a report received from the Medical Assessment and Rating Board for Homoeopathy or otherwise, it appears to the Commission that— (a) the courses of study and examination to be undergone in, or the proficiency required from candidates at any examination held by, a University or medical institution do not conform to the standards specified by Homoeopathy Education Board; or (b) the standards and norms for infrastructure, faculty and quality of education in medical institutions as determined by the Homoeopathy Education Board are not adhered to by any University or medical institution, and such University or medical institution has failed to take necessary corrective action to maintain specified minimum standards, the Commission may initiate action in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2): Provided that the Commission shall, before, taking any action for suo motu withdrawal of recognition granted to the medical qualification awarded by a University or medical institution, impose penalty in accordance with the provisions of clause (f) of sub-section (1) of section 28. (2) The Commission shall, after making such further inquiry as it deems fit, and after holding consultations with the State Government and the authority of the concerned University or medical institution, comes to the conclusion that the recognition granted to a medical qualification ought to be withdrawn, it may, by order, withdraw recognition granted to such medical qualification and direct the Homoeopathy Education Board to amend the entries against the University or medical institution concerned in the list maintained by that Board to the effect that the recognition granted to such qualification is withdrawn with effect from the date specified in that order. (3) If the Commission, after verification with the authority in any country outside India, is of the opinion that a recognised medical qualification which is included in the list maintained by it is to be de-recognised, it may, by order, de-recognise such medical qualification and remove it from the list maintained by the Commission with effect from the date of such order.

The National Commission for Homoeopathy Act, 2020