Section 31 in The National Commission for Homoeopathy Act, 2020

Title: State Medical Councils.

Description: (1) The State Government shall, by notification, within three years of the commencement of this Act, establish a State Medical Council for Homoeopathy in that State if no such Council exists in that State. (2) Where a State Act confers power upon the State Medical Council to take disciplinary actions in respect of any professional or ethical misconduct by a registered practitioner of Homoeopathy, the State Medical Council shall act in accordance with the regulations made, and the guidelines framed, under this Act: Provided that till such time as a State Medical Council for Homoeopathy is established in a State, the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy shall receive the complaints and grievances relating to any professional or ethical misconduct against a registered practitioner of Homoeopathy in that State in accordance with such procedure as may be specified by regulations: Provided further that the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy or, as the case may be, the State Medical Council shall give an opportunity of hearing to such practitioner before passing any order or taking any action, including imposition of any monetary penalty, against such person. (3) A practitioner of Homoeopathy who is aggrieved by the order passed or the action taken by— (a) the State Medical Council under sub-section (2) may prefer an appeal to the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy and the decision, if any, of the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy thereupon shall be binding on such State Medical Council, unless a second appeal is preferred under sub-section (4); (b) the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy under the first proviso to sub-section (2) may prefer an appeal to the Commission. (4) A medical practitioner of Homoeopathy who is aggrieved by the decision of the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy, may prefer an appeal to the Commission within sixty days of communication of such decision. Explanation.--For the purposes of this Act:-- (a) "State" includes Union territory and the expressions "State Government" and "State Medical Council for Homoeopathy", in relation to a Union territory, shall respectively mean the "Central Government" and "Union Territory Medical Council for Homoeopathy"; (b) the expression "professional or ethical misconduct" includes any act of commission or omission, as may be specified by regulations;

Title: National Register and State Register of Homoeopathy.

Description: (1) The Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy shall maintain a National Register containing the name, address, all recognised qualifications possessed by a licensed medical practitioner of Homoeopathy and such other particulars as may be specified by regulations. (2) The National Register shall be maintained in such form, including in electronic form and in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (3) The manner in which any name or qualification may be added to, or removed from, the National Register and the grounds for removal thereof, shall be such as may be specified by the regulations. (4) The National Register shall be made available in the public by placing it on the website of the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy. (5) Every State Medical Council shall maintain and regularly update the State Register in the specified electronic format and supply a physical copy of the same to the Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy within three months of the commencement of this Act. (6) The Board of Ethics and Registration for Homoeopathy shall ensure electronic synchronization of the National Register and the State Register in such a manner that any change in one such register is automatically reflected in the other register.

Title: Rights of persons to be enrolled in National Register and their obligations thereto.

Description: (1) Any person who has a recognised medical qualification in Homoeopathy under this Act and qualifies the National Exit Test held under section 15 shall have a licence to practice Homoeopathy and shall have his name and qualifications enrolled in the National Register or a State Register, as the case may be: Provided that a person who has been registered in the Central Register of Homoeopathy maintained under the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973) prior to the coming into force of this Act and before the National Exit Test becomes operational under sub-section (3) of section 15, shall be deemed to have been registered under this Act and be enrolled first in the State Register and subsequently in the National Register maintained under this Act. (2) No person who has obtained a qualification in Homoeopathy from a medical institution established in any country outside India and is recognised as a medical practitioner of Homoeopathy in that country, shall, after the commencement of this Act and the National Exit Test for Homoeopathy becomes operational under sub-section (3) of section 15, be enrolled in the National Register for Homoeopathy, unless he qualifies the National Exit Test for Homoeopathy. (3) When a person whose name is entered in the State Register or the National Register, as the case may be, obtains any title, diploma or qualification for proficiency in sciences or medicine which is a recognised qualification under section 34 or section 35, as the case may be, he shall be entitled to have such title, diploma or qualification entered against his name in the State Register or the National Register, in such manner as may be specified by regulations.

Title: Rights of persons to practice.

Description: (1) No person other than a person who is enrolled in the State Register or the National Register, as the case may be, shall— (a) be allowed to practice Homoeopathy as a qualified practitioner; (b) hold office as a physician or a surgeon or any other office, by whatever name called, which is meant to be held by a physician or surgeon, as the case maybe; (c) be entitled to sign or authenticate a medical or fitness certificate or any other certificate required by any law to be signed or authenticated by a duly qualified medical practitioner; (d) be entitled to give evidence at any inquest or in any court of law as an expert under section 45 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872) on any matter relating to Homoeopathy: Provided that the Commission shall submit a list of such practitioners to the Central Government in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided further that a foreign citizen who is enrolled in his country as a practitioner of Homoeopathy in accordance with the law regulating the registration of such practitioners in that country may be permitted temporary registration in India for such period and in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (2) Any person who acts in contravention of the provisions of this section shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees, or with both. (3) Nothing contained in sub-section (2) shall affect,-- (a) the right of a person enrolled on a State Register as practitioner of Homoeopathy to practice in any State merely on the ground that he does not possess, as on the date of commencement of this Act, a recognised medical qualification in Homoeopathy; (b) the right of a person who has been practicing Homoeopathy for not less than five years in a State, to continue to practice in that State in which a State Register of Homoeopathy is not maintained as on the date of commencement of this Act.

Title: Recognition of qualifications granted by Universities or medical institutions in India.

Description: (1) The medical qualifications in Homoeopathy at undergraduate or postgraduate or super-specialty level granted by any University or medical institution in India shall be listed and maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, in such manner as may be specified by regulations and such medical qualification shall be a recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act. (2) Any University or medical institution in India which grants an undergraduate or postgraduate or super-speciality qualification in Homoeopathy not included in the list maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, may apply to that Board for granting recognition to such qualification. (3) The Homoeopathy Education Board shall examine the application for grant of recognition within period of six months in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (4) Where the Homoeopathy Education Board decides to grant recognition to the qualification in Homoeopathy, it shall include such qualification in the list maintained by it and shall also specify therein the date of effect of such recognition, otherwise it shall communicate its decision not to grant recognition to the concerned University or medical institution. (5) The aggrieved University or the medical institution may prefer an appeal to the Commission within a period of sixty days from the date of communication of the decision of Homoeopathy Education Board in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (6) The Commission shall examine the appeal received under sub-section (5) within a period of two months and if it decides that recognition may be granted to such medical qualification, it may direct the concerned Board to include such qualification in the list maintained by that Board in such manner as may be specified by regulations. (7) Where the Commission decides not to grant recognition under sub-section (6) or fails to decide within the specified period, the aggrieved University or medical institution concerned may prefer a second appeal to the Central Government within a period of thirty days of the communication of such decision or lapse of specified period, as the case may be. (8) All medical qualifications which have been recognised before the date of commencement of this Act and are included in the Second Schedule to the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 (59 of 1973),shall also be listed and maintained by the Homoeopathy Education Board, in such manner as may be specified by regulations.

The National Commission for Homoeopathy Act, 2020