Section 54 in Indian Penal Codes

Title: Commutation of sentence of death

Description: In every case in which sentence of death shall have been passed, 1[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender, commute the punishment for any other punishment provided by this Code

Title: Commutation of sentence of imprisonment of life

Description: In every case in which sentence of 1[imprisonment] for life shall have been passed, 2[the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender, commute the punishment for imprisonment of either description for a term not exceeding fourteen years 1[55A. Definition of “appropriate Government”.—In sections 54 and 55 the expression “appropriate Government” means,— (a) in cases where the sentence is a sentence of death or is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the execu­tive power of the Union extends, the Central Government; and (b) in cases where the sentence (whether of death or not) is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the State extends, the Government of the State within which the offender is sentenced.]

Title: Section 56 in Indian Panel Codes

Description: Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude. Proviso as to sentence for term exceeding ten years but not for life.—[Rep. by the Criminal Law (Removal of Racial Discrimina­tions) Act, 1949 (17 of 1949) (w.e.f. 6-4-1949).]

Title: Fractions of terms of punishment

Description: In calculating fractions of terms of punishment, 56 [imprisonment] for life shall be reck­oned as equivalent to 56 [imprisonment] for twenty years

Title: Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until transported

Description: Rep. by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1955 (26 of 1955), sec. 117 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-1-1956).]

CHAPTER 3 OF PUNISHMENTS