Section 45 in The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017

Title: Delegation of powers

Description: The Central Government and State Government, as the case may be, may, by general or special order, direct that any power exercisable by it under this Act shall, in such circumstances and under such conditions, if any, as may be mentioned in the order, be exercisable also by an officer subordinate to that Government or the local authority.

Title: Guidelines

Description: (1) The Central Government may, by notification, make guidelines consistent with this Act and any rules thereunder, generally to carry out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such guidelines may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) information relating to risk and benefits or alternatives to the proposed intervention under clause (n) of section 2; (b) the manner of obtaining the informed consent under sub-section (1) and the manner of pre test and post test counselling under sub-section (2) of section 5; (c) guidelines to be followed by a testing or diagnostic centre or pathology laboratory or blood bank for HIV test under section 7; (d) the manner of taking data protection measures under section 11; (e) guidelines in respect of protocols for HIV/AIDS relating to Anti-retroviral Therapy and Opportunistic Infections Management under sub-section (2) of section 14; (f) care, support and treatment of children infected with HIV or AIDS under sub-section (1) of section 18; (g) guidelines for Universal Precautions and post exposure prophylaxis under section 19; (h) manner of carrying out the strategy or mechanism or technique for reduction of risk of HIV transmission under section 22; (i) manner of implementation of a drugs substitution, drug maintenance and needle and syringe exchange programme under section 22; (j) provision of HIV-related information, education and communication before marriage under section 30; (k) manner of HIV or AIDS prevention, counselling, testing and treatment of persons in custody under section 31; (l) any other matter which ought to be specified in guidelines for the purposes of this Act.

Title: Power of Central Government to make rules

Description: (1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules to carry out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) manner of notifying model HIV or AIDS policy for the establishments under section 12; (b) any other matter which may be or ought to be prescribed by the Central Government.

Title: Laying of rules before both Houses of Parliament

Description: Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive session aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.

Title: Power of State Government to make rules and laying thereof

Description: (1) The State Government may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) measures to provide diagnostic facilities relating to HIV or AIDS, Antiretroviral Therapy and Opportunistic Infection Management to people living with HIV or AIDS and for the prevention of spread of HIV or AIDS in accordance with the guidelines under section 14; (b) qualification and experience for the appointment of a person as an Ombudsman under clause (a) or rank of officer of the State Government to be designated as Ombudsman under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 23; (c) terms and conditions of services of Ombudsman under sub-section (2) of section 23; (d) manner of inquiring into complaints by the Ombudsman under sub-section (1) and maintaining of records by him under sub-section (3) of section 24; (e) manner of making the complaints to the Ombudsman under section 25; and (f) manner of recording pseudonym in legal proceedings under clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 34. (3) Every rule made by the State Government under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be, after it is made before the Legislature of that State.