Section 3 in The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017

Title: Prohibition of discrimination

Description: No person shall discriminate against the protected person on any ground including any of the following, namely:— (a) the denial of, or termination from, employment or occupation, unless, in the case of termination, the person, who is otherwise qualified, is furnished with— (i) a copy of the written assessment of a qualified and independent healthcare provider competent to do so that such protected person poses a significant risk of transmission of HIV to other person in the workplace, or is unfit to perform the duties of the job; and (ii) a copy of a written statement by the employer stating the nature and extent of administrative or financial hardship for not providing him reasonable accommodation; (b) the unfair treatment in, or in relation to, employment or occupation; (c) the denial or discontinuation of, or, unfair treatment in, healthcare services; (d) the denial or discontinuation of, or unfair treatment in, educational, establishments and services thereof; (e) the denial or discontinuation of, or unfair treatment with regard to, access to, or provision or enjoyment or use of any goods, accommodation, service, facility, benefit, privilege or opportunity dedicated to the use of the general public or customarily available to the public, whether or not for a fee, including shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads, burial grounds or funeral ceremonies and places of public resort; (f) the denial, or, discontinuation of, or unfair treatment with regard to, the right of movement; (g) the denial or discontinuation of, or, unfair treatment with regard to, the right to reside, purchase, rent, or otherwise occupy, any property; (h) the denial or discontinuation of, or, unfair treatment in, the opportunity to stand for, or, hold public or private office; (i) the denial of access to, removal from, or unfair treatment in, Government or private establishment in whose care or custody a person may be; (j) the denial of, or unfair treatment in, the provision of insurance unless supported by actuarial studies; (k) the isolation or segregation of a protected person; (l) HIV testing as a pre-requisite for obtaining employment, or accessing healthcare services or education or, for the continuation of the same or, for accessing or using any other service or facility: Provided that, in case of failure to furnish the written assessment under sub-clause (i) of clause (a), it shall be presumed that there is no significant-risk and that the person is fit to perform the duties of the job, as the case may be, and in case of the failure to furnish the written statement under sub-clause (ii) of that clause, it shall be presumed that there is no such undue administrative or financial hardship.

Title: Prohibition of certain acts

Description: No person shall, by words, either spoken or written, publish, propagate, advocate or communicate by signs or by visible representation or otherwise the feelings of hatred against any protected persons or group of protected person in general or specifically or disseminate, broadcast or display any information, advertisement or notice, which may reasonably be construed to demonstrate an intention to propagate hatred or which is likely to expose protected persons to hatred, discrimination or physical violence

Title: Informed consent for undertaking HIV test or treatment

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act,— (a) no HIV test shall be undertaken or performed upon any person; or (b) no protected person shall be subject to medical treatment, medical interventions or research, except with the informed consent of such person or his representative and in such manner, as may be specified in the guidelines. (2) The informed consent for HIV test shall include pre-test and post-test counselling to the person being tested or such persons representative in the manner as may be specified in the guidelines.

Title: Informed consent not required for conducting HIV tests in certain cases

Description: The informed consent for conducting an HIV test shall not be required— (a) where a court determines, by an order that the carrying out of the HIV test of any person either as part of a medical examination or otherwise, is necessary for the determination of issues in the matter before it; (b) for procuring, processing, distribution or use of a human body or any part thereof including tissues, blood, semen or other body fluids for use in medical research or therapy: Provided that where the test results are requested by a donor prior to donation, the donor shall be referred to counselling and testing centre and such donor shall not be entitled to the results of the test unless he has received post-test counselling from such centre; (c) for epidemiological or surveillance purposes where the HIV test is anonymous and is not for the purpose of determining the HIV status of a person: Provided that persons who are subjects of such epidemiological or surveillance studies shall be informed of the purposes of such studies; and (d) for screening purposes in any licensed blood bank.

Title: Guidelines for testing centres, etc

Description: No HIV test shall be conducted or performed by any testing or diagnostic centre or pathology laboratory or blood bank, unless such centre or laboratory or blood bank follows the guidelines laid down for such test.