Section 30 in Indian Penal Codes

Title: "Valuable security"

Description: The words “valuable security” denote a document which is, or purports to be, a document whereby any legal right is created, extended, transferred, restricted, extin­guished or released, or where by any person acknowledges that he lies under legal liability, or has not a certain legal right. Illustration A writes his name on the back of a bill of exchange. As the effect of this endorsement is transfer the right to the bill to any person who may become the lawful holder of it, the endorse­ment is a “valuable security”.

Title: "A will"

Description: The words “a will” denote any testamentary document

Title: Words referring to acts include illegal omissions

Description: In every part of this Code, except where a contrary intention appears from the context, words which refer to acts done extend also to ille­gal omissions.

Title: "Act" "Omission"

Description: The word “act” denotes as well a series of acts as a single act: the word “omission” denotes as well a series of omissions as a single omission

Title: Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention

Description: hen a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner as if it were done by him alone.]

CHAPTER 2 GENERAL EXPLANATIONS