Section 2 in The Antiquities and Art Treasures Act 1972
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,--
(a) "antiquity" includes--
(1) (i) any coin, sculpture, painting, epigraph or other work of art or craftsmanship;
(ii) any article, object or thing detached from a building or cave;
(iii) any article, object or thing illustrative of science, art, crafts, literature, religion, customs, morals or politics in bygone ages;
(iv) any article, object or thing of historical interest;
(v) any article, object or thing declared by the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, to be an antiquity for the purposes of this Act, which has been in existence for not less than one hundred years; and
(II) any manuscript, record or other document which is of scientific, historical, literary or aesthetic value and which has been in existence for not less than seventy-five years;
(b) "art treasure" means any human work of art, not being an antiquity, declared by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette, to be an art treasure for the purposes of this Act having regard to its artistic or aesthetic value:
Provided that no declaration under this clause shall be made in respect of any such work of art so long as the author thereof is alive;
(c) "export" means taking out of India to a place outside India;
(d) "licensing officer" means an officer appointed as such under section 6;
(e) "registering officer" means an officer appointed as such under section 15;
(f) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act.
(2) Any reference in this Act to any law which is not In force in any area shall, in relation to that area, be construed as a reference to the corresponding law, if any, in force in that area.
Title: Regulation of export trade in antiquities and art treasures
(1) On and from the commencement of this Act, it shall not be lawful for any person, other than the Central Government or any authority or agency authorized by the Central Government in this behalf, to export any antiquity or art treasure.
(2) Whenever the Central Government or any authority or agency referred to in sub-section (1) intends to export any antiquity or art treasure such export shall be made only under and in accordance with the terms and conditions of a permit issued for the purpose by such authority as may be prescribed
Title: Application of Act 52 of 1962
The Customs Act, 1962, shall have effect in relation to all antiquities and art treasures, the export of which by any person (other than the Central Government or any authority or agency authorized by the Central Government) is prohibited under section 3 save in so far as that Act is inconsistent with the provisions of this Act and except that (notwithstanding anything contained in section 125 of that Act) any confiscation authorized under that Act shall be made unless the Central Government on an application made to it in this behalf, otherwise directs
Title: Antiquities to be sold only under a licence
1[As from the date of expiry of a period of six months from the commencement of this Act] no person shall, himself or by any other person on his behalf, carry on the business of selling or offering to sell any antiquity except under and in accordance with the terms and conditions of a licence granted under section 8.
Explanation.--In this section and in sections 7, 8, 12, 13, 14, 17 and 18 antiquity does not include ancient and historical records other than those declared by or under law made by Parliament, to be of national importance.
1. Subs. by Act 82 of 1976, s. 2, for "On and from the expiry of a period of two months of the commencement of this Act" (w.e.f. 4-6-1976).
Title: Appointment of licensing officers
The Central Government may, by notified order,--
(a) appoint such persons, being gazetted officers of Government, as it thinks fit, to be licensing officers for the purposes of this Act;
(b) define the limits of the area within which a licensing officer shall exercise the powers conferred on licensing officers by or under this Act.