Section 65 in The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act

Title: Specialised Adoption Agencies

Description: (1) The State Government shall recognise one or more institutions or organisations in each district as a Specialised Adoption Agency, in such manner as may be provided in the adoption regulations framed by the Authority, for the rehabilitation of orphan, abandoned or surrendered children, through adoption and non-institutional care. (2) The State Agency shall furnish the name, address and contact details of the Specialised Adoption Agencies along with copies of certificate or letter of recognition or renewal to Authority, as soon as the recognition or renewal is granted to such agencies. (3) The State Government shall get every Specialised Adoption Agency inspected at least once in a year and take necessary remedial measures, if required. (4) In case any Specialised Adoption Agency is in default in taking necessary steps on its part as provided in this Act or in the adoption regulations framed by the Authority, for getting an orphan or abandoned or surrendered child legally free for adoption from the Committee or in completing the home study report of the prospective adoptive parents or in obtaining adoption order from the court within the stipulated time, such Specialised Adoption Agency shall be punishable with a fine which may extend up to fifty thousand rupees and in case of repeated default, the recognition of the Specialised Adoption Agency shall be withdrawn by the State Government.

Title: Adoption of children residing in institutions not registered as adoption agencies

Description: (1) All the institutions registered under this Act, which may not have been recognised as Specialised Adoption Agencies, shall also ensure that all orphan or abandoned or surrendered children under their care are reported, produced and declared legally free for adoption, by the Committee as per the provisions of section 38. (2) All institutions referred to in sub-section (1) shall develop formal linkages with nearby Specialised Adoption Agency and shall furnish details of the children declared legally free for adoption to that Specialised Adoption Agency along with all relevant records in the manner as may be prescribed, for the placement of such children in adoption. (3) If any such institution contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), it shall be liable to fine of fifty thousand rupees for each instance to be imposed by the registering authority and it may also attract de-recognition in the event of persistent flouting of such provisions.

Title: State Adoption Resource Agency

Description: (1) The State Government shall set up a State Adoption Resource Agency for dealing with adoptions and related matters in the State under the guidance of Authority. (2) The State Agency, wherever already exists, shall be deemed to be set up under this Act.

Title: Central Adoption Resource Authority

Description: The Central Adoption Resource Agency existing before the commencement of this Act, shall be deemed to have been constituted as the Central Adoption Resource Authority under this Act to perform the following functions, namely:— (a) to promote in-country adoptions and to facilitate inter-State adoptions in co-ordination with State Agency; (b) to regulate inter-country adoptions; (c) to frame regulations on adoption and related matters from time to time as may be necessary; (d) to carry out the functions of the Central Authority under the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in respect of Inter-country Adoption; (e) any other function as may be prescribed.

Title: Steering Committee of Authority

Description: (1) The Authority shall have a Steering Committee with following members: (a) Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, who shall be the Chairperson—ex officio; (b) Joint Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, dealing with Authority—ex officio; (c) Joint Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, dealing with Finance—ex officio; (d) one State Adoption Resource Agency and two Specialised Adoption Agencies; (e) one adoptive parent and one adoptee; (f) one advocate or a professor having at least ten years of experience in family law; (g) Member-Secretary, who shall also be Chief Executive Officer of the organisation. (2) Criteria for the selection or nomination of the Members mentioned at (d) to (f), their tenure as well as the terms and conditions of their appointment shall be such as may be prescribed. (3) The Steering Committee shall have the following functions, namely: (a) to oversee the functioning of Authority and review its working from time to time so that it operates in most effective manner; (b) to approve the annual budget, annual accounts and audit reports as well as the action plan and annual report of Authority; (c) to adopt the recruitment rules, service rules, financial rules of Authority as well as the other regulations for the exercise of the administrative and programmatic powers within the organisation, with the prior approval of the Central Government; (d) any other function that may be vested with it by the Central Government from time to time. (4) The Steering Committee shall meet once in a month in the manner as may be prescribed. (5) The Authority shall function from its headquarter and through its regional offices as may be set up as per its functional necessity.

CHAPTER 8 ADOPTION