Section 138 in Indian Evidence Act 1872

Title: Order of examinations

Description: Witnesses shall be first examined-in-chief, then (if the adverse party so desires) cross-examined, then (if the party calling him so desires) re-examined. The examination and cross-examination must relate to relevant facts but the cross-examination need not be confined to the facts to which the witness testified on his examination-in-chief. Direction of re-examination. -- The re-examination shall be directed to the explanation of matters referred to in cross-examination; and, if new matter is, by permission of the Court, introduced in re-examination, the adverse party may further cross-examine upon that matter.

Title: Cross examination of person called to produce a document

Description: A person summoned to produce a document does not become a witness by the mere fact that he produces it and cannot be cross-examined unless and until he is called as a witness.

Title: Witnesses to character

Description: Witnesses to character may be cross-examined and re-examined

Title: Leading questions

Description: Any question suggesting the answer which the person putting it wishes or expects to receive is called a leading question

Title: When they must not be asked

Description: Leading questions must not, if objected to by the adverse party be asked in an examination-in-chief, or in a re-examination, except with the permission of the Court. The Court shall permit leading questions as to matters which are introductory or undisputed, or which have, in its opinion, been already sufficiently proved.

PART 3 PRODUCTION AND EFFECT OF EVIDENCE CHAPTER 10 OF THE EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES