Section 85A in Indian Evidence Act
Title: Presumption as to electronic agreements
1[85A. Presumption as to electronic agreements. -- The Court shall presume that every electronic record purporting to be an agreement containing the 2[electronic signature] of the parties was so concluded by affixing the 2[electronic signature] of the parties.
1. Ins by Act 21 of 2000, s. 92, and the Second Schedule (w.e.f. 17-10-2000).
2. Subs by Act 10 of 2009, s. 52(e), for "digital signature" (w.e.f. 27-10-2009).
Title: Presumption as to electronic records and electronic signatures
85B. Presumption as to electronic records and 5[electronic signatures]. --(1) In any proceedings involving a secure electronic record, the Court shall presume unless contrary is proved, that the secure electronic record has not been altered since the specific point of time to which the secure status relates.
(2) In any proceedings, involving secure digital signature, the Court shall presume unless the contrary is proved that --
(a) the secure 1[electronic signature] is affixed by subscriber with the intention of signing or approving the electronic record;
(b) except in the case of a secure electronic record or a secure 1[electronic signature], nothing in this section shall cerate any presumption, relating to authenticity and integrity of the electronic record or any 1[electronic signature].
1. Subs by Act 10 of 2009, s. 52(e), for "digital signature" (w.e.f. 27-10-2009).
Title: Presumption as to Electronic Signature Certificates
85C. Presumption as to 1[Electronic Signature Certificates]. -- The Court shall presume, unless contrary is proved, that the information listed in a 1[Electronic Signature Certificate] is correct, except for information specified as subscriber information which has not been verified, if the certificate was accepted by the subscriber.]
1. Subs by ibid, s. 52(f) for "Digital Signature Certificate", (w.e.f. 27.10.2009).
Title: resumption as to certified copies of foreign judicial records
The Court may presume that any document purporting to be a certified copy of any judicial record of 2[3* * * any country not forming part of India or] of Her Majesty's Dominions is genuine and accurate, if the document purports to be certified in any manner which is certified by any representative of 4* * * the 1[Central Government]5[in or for] 6[such country] to be the manner commonly in use in 7[that country ]for the certification of copies of judicial records.
8[An officer who, with respect to 9*** any territory or place not forming part of 10[India or] Her Majesty's Dominions, is a Political Agent there for, as defined in section 3, 11[clause (43)], of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (10 of 1897), shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be a representative of the 12[Central Government ]13[ in and for the country ]comprising that territory or place.]
1. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for Government of India.
2. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "any country not forming part".
3. The words "a Part B State or of" omitted by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and the Schedule.
4. The words "Her Majesty or of" omitted by A.O. 1950.
5. Subs. by Act 3 of 1891, s. 8, for "resident in".
6. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and the Schedule, for "such Part B State or Country".
7. Subs. by s. 3 and the Schedule ibid., for "that State or Country".
8. Subs. by Act 5 of 1899, s. 4, for the para added by Act 3 of 1891, s. 3.
9. The words "a Part B State or" ins. by the A.O. 1950, omitted by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and the Schedule.
10. Ins. by the A.O. 1950.
11. Subs. ibid., for "clause (40)".
12. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "G. of I."
13. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and the Schedule., for "in and for that Part B State or country".
Title: Presumption as to books maps and charts
The Court may presume that any book to which it may refer for information on matters of public or general interest, and that any published map or chart, the statements of which are relevant facts and which is produced for its inspection, was written and published by the person and at the time and place, by whom or at which it purports to have been written or published.