Section 74 in Indian Evidence Act 1872
Title: Public documents
The following documents are public documents: --
(1) Documents forming the acts, or records of the acts --
(i) of the sovereign authority,
(ii) of official bodies and tribunals, and
(iii) of public officers, legislative, judicial and executive, 1[of any part of India or of the Commonwealth], or of a foreign country;
(2) Public records kept 2[in any State] of private documents.
1. The original words "whether of British India, or of any other part of Her Majesty's Dominios" have successively been amended by the A.O. 1948 and the A.O. 1950 to read as above.
2. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "in any Province"
Title: Private documents
All other documents are private
Title: Certified copies of public documents
Every public officer having the custody of a public document, which any person has a right to inspect, shall give that person on demand a copy of it on payment of the legal fees there for, together with a certificate written at the foot of such copy that it is a true copy of such document or part thereof, as the case may be, and such certificate shall be dated and subscribed by such officer with his name and his official title, and shall be sealed, whenever such officer is authorized by law to make use of a seal; and such copies so certified shall be called certified copies.
Explanation. -- Any officer who, by the ordinary course of official duty, is authorized to deliver such copies, shall be deemed to have the custody of such documents within the meaning of this section.
Title: Proof of documents by production of certified copies
Such certified copies may be produced in proof of the contents of the public documents or parts of the public documents of which they purport to be copies.
Title: Proof of other official documents
The following public documents may be proved as follows:
(1) Acts, orders or notifications of 1[the Central Government] in any of its departments, 2[or of the Crown Representative] or of any State Government or any department of any State Government, --
by the records of the departments, certified by the head of those departments respectively,
or by any document purporting to be printed by order of any such Government 3[ or, as the case may be, of the Crown Representative];
(2) the proceedings of the Legislatures, --
by the journals of those bodies respectively, or by published Acts or abstracts, or by copies purporting to be printed 3[ by order of the Government concerned];
(3) proclamations, orders or regulations issued by 4[Her Majesty] or by the Privy Council, or by any department of 4[Her Majesty's] Government, --
by copies or extracts contained in the London Gazette, or purporting to be printed by the Queen's Printer;
(4) the Acts of the Executive or the proceedings of the Legislature of a foreign country,
by journals published by their authority, or commonly received in that country as such, or by a copy certified under the seal of the country or sovereign, or by a recognition thereof in some5[Central Act]:
(5) the proceedings of a municipal body in 6[a State], --
by a copy of such proceedings, certified by the legal keeper thereof, or by a printed book purporting to be published by the authority of such body;
(6) public documents of any other class in a foreign country, --
by the original, or by a copy certified by the legal keeper thereof, with a certificate under the seal of a Notary Public, or of 7[an Indian Consul] or diplomatic agent, that the copy is duly certified by the officer having the legal custody of the original, and upon proof of the character of the document according to the law of the foreign country
1. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "the Executive Government of British India".
2. Ins. ibid.,
3. Subs. ibid., for "by order of Government"..
4. The words "her Majesty" shall stand unmodified, vide the A.O. 1950.
5. Subs. by the A.O. 1937, for "public Act of the Governor General of India in Council".
6. Subs. by the A.O. 1950, for "a Province".
7. Subs by ibid., for "a British Consul".