Section 87 in The Code of Civil Procedure

Title: Style of foreign Rulers as parties to suits

Description: The Ruler of a foreign State may sue, and shall be sued, in the name of his State: Provided that in giving the consent referred to in section 86, the Central Government may direct that the Ruler may be sued in the name of an agent or in any other name.

Title: Definitions of foreign State and Ruler

Description: (1) In this Part,— (a)“foreign State” means any State outside India which has been recognised by the Central Government; and (b) “Ruler”, in relation to a foreign State, means the person who is for the time being recognized by the Central Government to be the head of that State. (2) Every Court shall take judicial notice of the fact— (a) that a State has or has not been recognized by the Central Government; (b) that a person has or has not been recognized by the Central Government to be the head of a State.

Title: Application of sections 85 and 86 to Rulers of former Indian States

Description: 1[(I) In the case of any suit by or against the Ruler of any former Indian State which is based wholly or in part upon a cause of action which arose before the commencement of the Constitution or any proceeding arising out of such suit, the provisions of section 85 and sub-sections (1) and (3) of section 86 shall apply in relation to such Ruler as they apply in relation to the Ruler of a foreign State.] (2) In this section (a) "former Indian State" means any such Indian State as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify for the purposes of this section; 2 *** 3[(b) "Commencement of the Constitution" means the 26th day of January, 1950; and (c) "Ruler", in relation to a former Indian State, has the same meaning as in article 363 of the Constitution.] 1. Subs. by Act 54 of 1972, s. 3, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 9-9-1972). 2. The word "and" omitted by Act 54 of 1972, s. 3 (w.e.f. 9-9-1972).. 3. Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for clause (b) (w.e.f. 9-9-1972).

Title: Where interpleader suit may be instituted

Description: Where two or more persons claim adversely to one another the same debts, sum of money or other property, movable or immovable, from another person, who claims no interest therein other than for charges or costs and who is ready to pay or deliver it to the rightful claimant, such other person may institute a suit of interpleader against all the claimants for the purpose of obtaining a decision as to the person to whom the payment or delivery shall be made and of obtaining indemnity for himself : Provided that where any suit is pending in which the rights of all parties can properly be decided, no such suit of interpleader shall be instituted

Title: Settlement of disputes outside the Court

Description: 1[89. Settlement of disputes outisde the Court.--(1) Where it appears to the Court that there exist elements of a settlement which may be acceptable to the parties, the Court shall formulate the terms of settlement and give them to the parties for their observations and after receiving the observations of the parties, the Court may reformulate the terms of a possible settlement and refer the same for:-- (a) arbitration; (b) conciliation; (c) judicial settlement including settlement through Lok Adalat: or (d) mediation. (2) Were a dispute has been referred-- (a) for arbitration or conciliation, the provisions of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (26 of 1996) shall apply as if the proceedings for arbitration or conciliation were referred for settlement under the provisions of that Act; (b) to Lok Adalat, the Court shall refer the same to the Lok Adalat in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 20 of the Legal Services Authority Act, 1987 (39 of 1987) and all other provisions of that Act shall .apply in respect of the dispute so referred to the Lok Adalat; (c) for judicial settlement, the Court shall refer the same to a suitable institution or person and such institution or person shall be deemed to be a Lok Adalat and all the provisions of the Legal Services Authority Act, 1987 (39 of 1987) shall apply as if the dispute were referred to a Lok Adalat under the provisions of that Act; (d) for mediation, the Court shall effect a compromise between the parties and shall follow such procedure as may be prescribed.] 1. Ins. by Act 46 of 1999, s. 7 (w.e.f. 1-7-2002), earlier rep. by Act 10 of 1940, s. 49 and the Third Schedule.