Section 30 in The Code of Civil Procedure
Title: Power to order discovery and the like
Subject to such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed, the Court may, at any time, either of its own motion or on the application of any party,—
(a) make such orders as may be necessary or reasonable in all matters relating to the delivery and answering of interrogatories, the admission of documents and facts, and the discovery, inspection, production, impounding and return of documents or other material objects producible as evidence;
(b) issue summonses to persons whose attendance is required either to give evidence or to produce documents or such other objects as aforesaid;
(c) order any fact to be proved by affidavit.
Title: Summons to witness
The provisions in sections 27, 28 and 29 shall apply to summonses to give evidence or to produce documents or other material objects.
Title: Penalty for default
The Court may compel the attendance of any person to whom a summons has been issued under section 30 and for that purpose may
(a) issue a warrant for his arrest;
(b) attach and sell his property;
(c) impose a fine upon him 1 [not exceeding five thousand rupees];
(d) order him to furnish security for his appearance and in default commit him to the civil prison
1. Subs. by Act 46 of 1999, s. 4, for "not exceeding five thousand rupees" (w.e.f. 1-7-2002).
Title: Judgment and decree
The Court, after the case has been heard, shall pronounce judgment, and on such judgment a decree shall follow.
(1) Where and in so far as a decree is for the payment of money, the Court may, in the decree, order interest at such rate as the Court deems reasonable to be paid on the principal sum adjudged, from the date of the suit to the date of the decree, in addition to any interest adjudged on such principal sum for any period prior to the institution of the suit, 1 [with further interest at such rate not exceeding six per cent. per annum as the Court deems reasonable on such principal sum], from the date of the decree to the date of payment, or to such earlier date as the Court thinks fit :
2[Provided that where the liability in relation to the sum so adjudged had arisen out of a commercial transaction, the rate of such further interest may exceed six per cent. per annum, but shall not exceed the contractual rate of interest or where there is no contractual rate, the rate at which moneys are lent or advanced by nationalised banks in relation to commercial transactions.
Explanation I.--In this Sub-section, "nationalised bank" means a corresponding new bank as defined in the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970 (5 of 1970).
Explanation II.-- For the purposes of this section, a transaction is a commercial transaction, if it is connected with the industry, trade or business of the party incurring the liability.]
(2) Where such a decree is silent with respect to the payment of further interest 3[on such principal sum] from the date of the decree to the date of payment or other earlier date, the Court shall be deemed to have refused such interest, and a separate suit therefor shall not lie.
1. Subs. by Act 66 of 1956, s. 2, for certain words.
2. Ins. by Act 104 of 1976, s. 13 (w.e.f. 1-7-1977).
3. Subs. by Act 66 of 1956, s. 2, for "on such aggregate sum as aforesaid" (w.e.f. 1-1-1957)