Section 23 in The Code of Civil Procedure
Title: To what Court application lies
(I) Where the several Courts having jurisdiction are subordinate to the same Appellate Court, an application under section 22 shall be made to the Appellate Court.
(2) Where such Courts are subordinate to different Appellate Courts but to the same High Court, the application shall be made to the said High Court.
(3) Where such Courts are subordinate to different High Courts, the application shall be made to the High Court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the Court in which the suit is brought is situate.
Title: General power of transfer and withdrawal
(1) On the application of any of the parties and after notice to the parties and after hearing such of them as desired to be heard, or of its own motion without such notice, the High Court or the District Court may at any stage
(a) transfer any suit, appeal or other proceeding pending before it for trial or disposal to any Court subordinate to it and competent to try or dispose of the same, or
(b) withdraw any suit, appeal or other proceeding pending in any Court subordinate to it, and
(i) try or dispose of the same; or
(ii) transfer the same for trial or disposal to any Court subordinate to it and competent to try or dispose of the same; or
(iii) retransfer the same for trial or disposal to the Court from which it was withdrawn.
(2) Where any suit or proceeding has been transferred or withdrawn under sub-section (1), the Court which 1[is thereafter to try or dispose of such suit or proceeding] may, subject to any special directions in the case of an order of transfer, either retry it or proceed from the point at which it was transferred or withdrawn.
2[(3) For the purposes of this section,
(a) Courts of Additional and Assistant Judges shall be deemed to be subordinate to the District Court;
(b) proceeding includes a proceeding for the execution of a decree or order].
(4) The Court trying any suit transferred or withdrawn under this section from a Court of Small Causes shall, for the purposes of such suit, be deemed to be a Court of Small Causes.
3[(5) A suit or proceeding may be transferred under this section from a Court which has no jurisdiction to try it.]
1. Subs. by Act 104 of 1976, s. 10, for " thereafter tries such suit" (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).
2. Subs. by s. 10, ibid., for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).
3. Ins. by s. 10, ibid, (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).
Title: Power of Supreme Court to transfer suits etc
1[25. Power of Supreme Court to transfer suits, etc.--(1) On the application of a party, and after notice to the parties, and after hearing such of them as desire to be heard, the Supreme Court may, at any stage, if satisfied that an order under this section is expedient for the ends of justice, direct that any suit, appeal or other proceeding be transferred from a High Court or other Civil Court in one State to a High Court or other Civil Court in another State.
(2) Every application under this section shall be made by a motion which shall be supported by an affidavit.
(3) The Court to which such suit, appeal or other proceeding is transferred shall, subject to any special directions in the order of transfer, either retry it or proceed from the stage at which it was transferred to it.
(4) In dismissing any application under this section, the Supreme Court may, if it is of opinion that the application was frivolous or vexatious, order the applicant to pay by way of compensation to any person who has opposed the application such sum, not exceeding two thousand rupees, as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
(5) The law applicable to any suit, appeal or other proceeding transferred under this section shall be the law which the Court in which the suit, appeal or other proceeding was originally instituted ought to have applied to such suit, appeal or proceeding.]
1. Subs. by s. 11, ibid., for s. 25 (w.e.f. 1-2-1977).
Title: Institution of suits
1[(1)] Every suit shall be instituted by the presentation of a plaint or in such other manner as may be prescribed.
2[(2) In every plaint, facts shall be proved by affidavit.]
*[Provided that such an affidavit shall be in the form and manner as prescribed under Order VI of Rule 15A.]
1. S. 26 renumbered as sub-section (1) by Act 46 of 1999, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-7-2002).
2. Ins by s. 3, ibid., (w.e.f. 1-7-2002).
* Shall be applicable to commercial disputes of a specified value by Act 4 of 2016, s. 16 and the Schedule (w.e.f. 23-10-2015).
Title: Summons to defendants
Where a suit has been duly instituted, a summons may be issued to the defendant to appear and answer the claim and may be served in manner prescribed 1 [on such day not beyond thirty days from date of the institution of the suit.]
1. Ins by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-2-2002).