Section 5 in Hindu Marriage Act 1955
Title: Conditions for a Hindu marriage
A marriage may be solemnized between any two Hindus, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely:
(i) neither party has a spouse living at the time of the marriage;
1[(ii) at the time of the marriage, neither party
(a) is incapable of giving a valid consent to it in consequence of unsoundness of mind; or
(b) though capable of giving a valid consent, has been suffering from mental disorder of such a kind or to such an extent as to be unfit for marriage and the procreation of children; or
(c) has been subject to recurrent attacks of insanity 2 ***];
(iii) the bridegroom has completed the age of 3[twenty-one years] and the bride, the age of 4[eighteen years] at the time of the marriage;
(iv) the parties are not within the degrees of prohibited relationship unless the custom or usage governing each of them permits of a marriage between the two;
(v) the parties are not sapindas of each other, unless the custom or usage governing each of them permits of a marriage between the two;
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1. Subs. by Act 68 of 1976, s. 2, for clause (ii) (w.e.f. 27-5-1976).
2. The words or epilepsy omitted by Act 39 of 1999, s. 2 (w.e.f. 29-12-1999).
3. Subs. by Act 2 of 1978, s. 6 and Schedule for elighteen years (w.e.f. 1-10-1978).
4. Subs. by s. 6 and Schedule, ibid., for fifteen years (w.e.f. 1-10-1978).
5. Clause (vi) omitted by s. 6 and Schedule, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-10-1978).
[Guardianship in marriage.Omitted by the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Act, 1978, (2 of 1978), s. 6 and Schedule (w.e.f. 1-10-1978]
Title: Ceremonies for a Hindu marriage
(1) A Hindu marriage may be solemnized in accordance with the customary rites and ceremonies of either party thereto.
(2) Where such rites and ceremonies include the Saptapadi (that is, the taking of seven steps by the bridegroom and the bride jointly before the sacred fire), the marriage becomes complete and binding when the seventh step is taken.
Title: Registration of Hindu marriages
(1) For the purpose of facilitating the proof of Hindu marriages, the State Government may make rules providing that the parties to any such marriage may have the particulars relating to their marriage entered in such manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed in a Hindu Marriage Register kept for the purpose.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the State Government may, if it is of opinion that it is necessary or expedient so to do, provide that the entering of the particulars referred to in sub-section (1) shall be compulsory in the State or in any part thereof, whether in all cases or in such cases as may be specified, and where any such direction has been issued, any person contravening any rule made in this behalf shall be punishable with fine which may extend to twenty-five rupees.
(3) All rules made under this section shall be laid before the State Legislature, as soon as may be, after they are made.
(4) The Hindu Marriage Register shall at all reasonable times be open for inspection, and shall be admissible as evidence of the statements therein contained and certified extracts therefrom shall, on application, be given by the Registrar on payment to him of the prescribed fee.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, the validity of any Hindu marriage shall in no way be affected by the omission to make the entry
Title: Restitution of conjugal right
1 ** * When either the husband or the wife has, without reasonable excuse, withdrawn from the society of the other, the aggrieved party may apply, by petition to the district court, for restitution of conjugal rights and the court, on being satisfied of the truth of the statements made in such petition and that there is no legal ground why the application should not be granted, may decree restitution of conjugal rights accordingly.
2[Explanation.—Where a question arises whether there has been reasonable excuse for withdrawal from the society, the burden of proving reasonable excuse shall be on the person who has withdrawn from the society.]
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1. The brackets and figure (1) omitted by Act 68 of 1976, s. 3 (w.e.f. 27-5-1976).
2. Ins. by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 27-5-1976).
3. Sub-section (2) omitted by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 27-5-1976).