Section 119 in The Negotiable Instruments Act
Title: Presumption on proof of protest
In a suit upon an instrument which has been dishonoured, the Court shall, on proof of the protest, presume the fact of dishonour, unless and until such fact is disproved.
Title: Estoppel against denying original validity of instrument
No maker of a promissory note, and no drawer of a bill of exchange or cheque, and no acceptor of a bill of exchange for the honour of the drawer shall, in a suit thereon by a holder in due course, be permitted to deny the validity of the instrument as originally made or drawn.
Title: Estoppel against denying capacity of payee to indorse
No maker of a promissory note and no acceptor of a bill of exchange 1[payable to order] shall, in a suit thereon by a holder in due course, be permitted to deny the payee's capacity, at the date of the note or bill, to indorse the same.
1. Subs. by Act 8 of 1919, s. 5, for payable to, or to the orderof, a specified person.
Title: Estoppel against denying signature or capacity of prior party
No indorser of a negotiable instrument shall, in a suit thereon by a subsequent holder, be permitted to deny the signature or capacity to contract of any prior party to the instrument.
Title: Cheque crossed generally
Where a cheque bears across its face an addition of the words "and company" or any abbreviation thereof, between two parallel transverse lines, or of two parallel transverse lines simply, either with or without the words "not negotiable", that addition shall be deemed a crossing, and the cheque shall be deemed to be crossed generally.