Section 75A in The Negotiable Instruments Act
Title: Excuse for delay in presentment for acceptance or payment
1[Delay in presentment 2[for acceptance or payment] is excused if the delay is caused by circumstances beyond the control of the holder, and not imputable to his default, misconduct or negligence. When the cause of delay ceases to operate, presentment must be made within a reasonable time.]
1. Ins. by Act 25 of 1920. s. 2.
2. Subs. by Act 12 of 1921, s. 3, for for payment.
Title: When presentment unnecessary
o presentment for payment is necessary, and the instrument is dishonoured at the due date for presentment, in any of the following cases:--
(a) if the maker, drawee or acceptor intentionally prevents the presentment of the instrument, or,
if the instrument being payable at his place of business, he closes such place on a business day during the usual business hours, or,
if the instrument being payable at some other specified place, neither he nor any person authorized to pay it attends at such place during the usual business hours, or,
if the instrument not being payable at any specified place, he cannot after due search be found;
(b) as against any party sought to be charged therewith, if he has engaged to pay notwithstanding non-presentment;
(c) as against any party if, after maturity, with knowledge that the instrument has not been presented--
he makes a part payment on account of the amount due on the instrument,
or promises to pay the amount due thereon in whole or in part,
or otherwise waives his right to take advantage of any default in presentment for payment;
(d) as against the drawer, if the drawer could not suffer damage from the want of such presentment.
Title: Liability of banker for negligently dealing with bill presented for payment
When a bill of exchange, accepted payable at a specified bank, has been duly presented there for payment and dishonoured, if the banker so negligently or improperly keeps, deals with or delivers back such bill as to cause loss to the holder, he must compensate the holder for such loss
Title: To whom payment should be made
Subject to the provisions of section 82, clause (c), payment of the amount due on a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque must, in order to discharge the maker or acceptor, be made to the holder of the instrument.
Title: Interest when rate specified
When interest at a specified rate is expressly made payable on a promissory note or bill of exchange, interest shall be calculated at the rate specified, on the amount of the principal money due thereon, from the date of the instrument, until tender or realization of such amount, or until such date after the institution of a suit to recover such amount as the Court directs