Section 15 in Indian Penal Codes

Title: British India

Description: [Rep. by the A.O. 1937.]

Title: "Government of India"

Description: [Rep. by the A.O. 1937.]

Title: "Government"

Description: The word “Government” denotes the Central Government or the Government of a 20 [***] State.]

Title: "India"

Description: India” means the territory of India excluding the State of Jammu and Kashmir.]

Title: "Judge"

Description: The word “Judge” denotes not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but also every person,— who is empowered by law to give, in any legal proceeding, civil or criminal, a definitive judgment, or a judgment which, if not appealed against, would be definitive, or a judgment which, if confirmed by some other authority, would be definitive, or who is one of a body of persons, which body of persons is empow­ered by law to give such a judgment. Illustrations (a) A Collector exercising jurisdiction in a suit under Act 10 of 1859, is a Judge. (b) A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power to sentence to fine or imprisonment, with or without appeal, is a Judge. (c) A member of a panchayat which has power, under 21 Regulation VII, 1816, of the Madras Code, to try and determine suits, is a Judge. (d) A Magistrate exercising jurisdiction in respect of a charge on which he has power only to commit for trial to another Court, is not a Judge.

CHAPTER 2 GENERAL EXPLANATIONS