Section 293 in The Code of Criminal Procedure

Title: Reports of certain Government scientific experts

Description: (1) Any document purporting to be a report under the hand of a Government scientific expert to whom this section applies, upon any matter or thing duly submitted to him for examination or analysis and report in the course of any proceeding under this Code, may be used as evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code. (2) The Court may, if it thinks fit, summon and examine any such expert as to the subject-matter of his report. (3) Where any such expert is summoned by a Court, and he is unable to attend personally, he may, unless the Court has expressly directed him to appear personally, depute any responsible officer working with him to attend the Court, if such officer is conversant with the facts of the case and can satisfactorily depose in Court on his behalf. (4) This section applies to the following Government scientific experts, namely:--- (a) any Chemical Examiner or Assistant Chemical Examiner to Government; 1[(b) the Chief Controller of Explosives;] (c) the Director of the Finger Print Bureau; (d) the Director, Haffkeine Institute, Bombay; (e) the Director 2 [, Deputy Director or Assistant Director] of a Central Forensic Science Laboratory or a State Forensic Science Laboratory; (f) the Serologist to the Government; 3[(g) any other Government scientific expert specified, by notification, by the Central Government for this purpose.] 1. Subs. by Act 25 of 2005, s. 26, for cl. (b) (w.e.f. 23-6-2006). 2. Ins. by Act 45 of 1978, s. 21 (w.e.f. 18-12-1978). 3. Ins. by Act 25 of 2005, s. 26 (w.e.f. 23-6-2006).

Title: No formal proof of certain documents

Description: (1)Where any document is filed before any Court by the prosecution or the accused, the particulars of every such document shall be included in a list and the prosecution or the accused, as the case may be, or the pleader for the prosecution or the accused, if any, shall be called upon to admit or deny the genuineness of each such document. (2) The list of documents shall be in such form as be prescribed by the State Government. (3) Where the genuineness of any document is not disputed, such document may be read in evidence in inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code without proof of the signature of the person to whom it purports to be signed: Provided that the Court may, in its discretion, require such signature to be proved.

Title:  Affidavit in proof of conduct of public servants

Description: When any application is made to any Court in the course of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, and allegations are made therein respecting any public servant, the applicant may give evidence of the facts alleged in the application by affidavit, and the Court may, if it thinks fit, order that evidence relating to such facts be so given.

Title: Evidence of formal character on affidavit

Description: (1) The evidence of any person whose evidence is of a formal character may be given by affidavit and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code. (2) The Court may, if it thinks fit, and shall, on the application of the prosecution or the accused, summon and examine any such person as to the facts contained in his affidavit.

Title: Authorities before whom affidavits may be sworn

Description: (1) Affidavits to be used before any Court under this Code may be sworn or affirmed before--- 1[(a) any Judge or Judicial or Executive Magistrate, or] (b) any Commissioner of Oaths appointed by a High Court or Court of Session, or (c) any notary appointed under the Notaries Act, 1952 (53 of 1952). (2) Affidavits shall be confined to, and shall state separately, such facts as the deponent is able to prove from his own knowledge and such facts as he has reasonable ground to believe to be true, and in the latter case, the deponent shall clearly state the grounds of such belief. (3) The Court may order any scandalous and irrelevant matter in the affidavit to be struck out or amended. 1. Subs. by Act 45 of 1978, s. 22, for cl. (a) (w.e.f. 18.12.1978).

CHAPTER 23 EVIDENCE IN INQUIRIES AND TRIALS BCommissions for the examination of witnesses