Section 8 in The Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994

Title: Savings

Description: (1) Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Act shall be construed as rendering unlawful any dealing with the body or with any part of the body of a deceased person if such dealing would have been lawful if this Act had not been passed. (2) Neither the grant of any facility or authority for the removal of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] from the body of a deceased person in accordance with the provisions of this Act nor the removal oil any 1[human organ or tissue or both] from the body of a deceased person in pursuance of such authority shall be deemed to be an offence punishable under section 297 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860). 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4 for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014).

Title: Restrictions on removal and transplantation of human organs or tissues or both

Description: 9. Restrictions on removal and transplantation of 2[human organs or tissues or both].--(1) Save as otherwise provided in sub-section (3), no 1[human organ or tissue or both] removed from the body of a donor before his death shall be transplanted into a recipient unless the donor is a near relative of the recipient. 3[(1A) Where the donor or the recipient being near relative is a foreign national, prior approval of the Authorisation Committee shall be required before removing or transplanting human organ or tissue or both: Provided that the Authorisation Committee shall not approve such removal or transplantation if the recipient is a foreign national and the donor is an Indian national unless they are near relatives. (1B) No human organs or tissues or both shall be removed from the body of a minor before his death for the purpose of transplantation except in the manner as may be prescribed. (1C) No human organs or tissues or both shall be removed from the body of a mentally challenge person before his death for the purpose of transplantation.— Explanation.--For the purpose of this sub-section,-- (i) the expression "mentally challenged person" includes a person with mental illness or mental retardation, as the case may be; (ii) the expression "mental illness" includes dementia, schizophrenia and such other mental condition that makes a person intellectually disables; (iii) the expression "mental retardation" shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (r) of section 2 of the Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Right and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (1 of 1996).] (2) Where any donor authorises the removal of any of his 2[human organs or tissues or both] after his death under sub-section (2) of section 3 or any person competent or empowered to give authority for the removal of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] from the body of any deceased person authorises such removal, the 1[human organ or tissue or both] may be removed and transplanted into the body of any recipient who may be in need of such 1[human organ or tissue or both]. (3) If any donor authorises the removal of any of his 2[human organs or tissues or both] before his death under sub-section (1) of section 3 for transplantation into the body of such recipient, not being a near relative, as is specified by the donor by reason of affection or attachment towards the recipient or for any other special reasons, such 4[human organ or tissue or both] shall not be removed and transplanted without the prior approval of the Authorisation Committee. 5[(3A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (3), where— (a) any donor has agreed to make a donation of his human organ or tissue or both before his death to a recipient, who is his near relative, but such donor is not compatible biologically as a donor for the recipient; and (b) the second donor has agreed to make a donation of his human organ or tissue or both before his death to such recipient, who is his near relative, but such donor is not compatible biologically as a donor for such recipient; then (c) the first donor who is compatible biologically as a donor for the second recipient and the second donor is compatible biologically as a donor of a human organ or tissue or both for the first recipient and both donors and both recipients in the aforesaid group of donor and recipient have entered into a single agreement to donate and receive such human organ or tissue or both according to such biological compatibility in the group, the removal and transplantation of the human organ or tissue or both, as per the agreement referred to above, shall not be done without prior approval of the Authorisation Committee.] 6[(4) (a) The composition of the Authorisation Committee shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government from time to time. (b) The State Government and the Union territories shall constitute, by notification, one or more Authorisation Committee consisting of such members as may be nominated by the State Government and the Union territories on such terms and conditions as may be specified in the notification for the purposes of this section.] (5) On an application jointly made, in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed, by the donor and the recipient, the Authorisation Committee shall, after holding an inquiry and after satisfying itself that the applicants have complied with all the requirements of this Act and tile rules made thereunder, grant to the applicants approval for the removal and transplantation of the human organ. (6) If, after the inquiry and after giving an opportunity to the applicants of being heard, the Authorisation Committee is satisfied that the applicants have not complied with the requirements of this Act and the rules made thereunder, it shall, for reasons to be recorded in writing, reject the application for approval. 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4 for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 2. Subs. by s. 4, ibid., for "human organs" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 3. Ins. by s. 7, ibid. (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 4. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4, for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 5. Ins. by s. 7, ibid. (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 6. Subs. by s. 7, ibid., for sub-section (4) (w.e.f. 10-1-2014).

Title: Regulation of hospital conducting the removal, storage or transplantation of human organs or tissue or both

Description: 10. Regulation of hospitals conducting the removal, storage or transplantation of 2[human organs or tissues or both].-- (1) On and from the commencement of this Act,-- (a) no hospital, unless registered under this Act, shall conduct, or associate with, or help in, the removal, storage or transplantation of any 1[human organ or tissue or both]; (b) no medical practitioner or any other person shall conduct, or cause to be conducted, or aid in conducting by himself or through any other person, any activity relating to the removal, storage or transplantation of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] at a place other than a place registered under this Act; 3*** (c) no place including a hospital registered under sub-section (1) of section 15 shall be used or cause to be used by any person for the removal, storage or transplantation of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] except for therapeutic purposes; 4[and] 5[(d) no Tissues Bank, unless registered under this Act, shall carry out any activity relating to the recovery, screening, testing, processing, storage and distribution of tissues.] (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the eyes or the ears may be removed at any place from the dead body of any donor, for therapeutic purposes, by a registered medical practitioner. Explanation.--For the purposes of this sub-section, "ears" includes ear drums and ear bones. 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4, for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 2. Subs. by s. 4, ibid., for "human organs" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 3. The word "and" omitted by s. 8, ibid. (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 4. The word "and" ins by s. 8, ibid. (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 5. Ins. by s. 8, ibid. (w.e.f. 10-1-2014).

Title: Prohibition of removal or transplantation of human organs or tissues or both for any purpose other than therapeutic purpose

Description: 11. Prohibition of removal or transplantation of 2[human organs or tissues or both] for any purpose other than the rapeatic purposes.-- No donor and no person empowered to give authority for the removal of any human organ shall authorise the removal of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] for any purpose other than therapeutic purposes. 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4, for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014). 2. Subs. by s. 4, ibid., for "human organs" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014).

Title: Explaining effects, etc., to donor and recipient

Description: No registered medical practitioner shall undertake the removal or transplantation of any 1[human organ or tissue or both] unless he has explained, in such manner as may be prescribed, all possible effects, complications and hazards connected with the removal and transplantation to the donor and the recipient respectively. 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2011, s. 4, for "human organ" (w.e.f. 10-1-2014).

The Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Act, 1994