Section 31 in The National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993

Title: Power to make rules

Description: (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-- (a) the manner in which Central Government is to appoint experts to the Council under sub-clause (v) of clause (m) of sub-section (4) of section 3; (b) the manner in which the Central Government is to appoint Members to the Council from amongst the States and the Union territory Administrations under clause (n) of sub-section (4) of section 3; (c) the conditions of service of the Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson and the Member-Secretary under sub-section (3) and of Members under sub-section (4) of section 4; (d) the powers and duties of the Chairperson under sub-section (7) of section 4; (e) the manner in which and the persons by whom the inspection of an institution is to be made and the manner in which the institution is to be associated in such inspection under sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 13; (f) the fees payable on application for obtaining recognition under sub-section (2) of section 14 and for obtaining permission under sub-section (2) of section 15; (g) the period of limitation for an appeal under sub-section (1) of section 18, the form in which such appeal is to be made and the fees payable therefor under sub-section (3) of that section and the procedure for disposal of an appeal under sub-section (4) of that section; (h) the manner in which the Central Government is to nominate the State representatives in the Executive Committee under clause (i) of sub-section (2) of section 19; (i) the form in which and the time within which the budget under section 24 and the annual report under section 25 of the Council is to be prepared; (j) the manner and the form in which the accounts of the Council are to be maintained under sub-section (1) of section 26; (k) any other matter which has to be, or may be, prescribed.

Title: Power to make regulations

Description: (1) The Council may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder, generally to carry out the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-- (a) the time and the place of the meetings of the Council and the procedure for conducting business thereat under sub-section (1) of section 7; (b) the manner in which and the purposes for which persons may be co-opted by the Council under sub-section (1) of section 9; (c) the appointment and terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees of the Council under sub-sections (1) and (2) respectively of section 10; (d) the norms, guidelines and standards in respect of— (i) the minimum qualifications for a person to be employed as a teacher under clause (d) of section 12; (ii) the specified category of courses or training in teacher education under clause (e) of section 12; (iii) starting of new courses or training in recognised institutions under clause (f) of section 12; (iv) standards in respect of examinations leading to teacher education qualifications referred to in clause (g) of section 12; (v) the tuition fees and other fees chargeable by institutions under clause (h) of section 12; (vi) the schemes for various levels of teacher education, and identification of institutions for offering teacher development programmes under clause (l) of section 12; 1[(dd) the qualifications of teachers under section 12A;] (e) the form and the manner in which an application for recognition is to be submitted under sub-section (1) of section 14; (f) conditions required for the proper functioning of the institution and conditions for granting recognition under clause (a) of sub-section (3) of section 14; (g) the form and the manner in which an application for permission is to be made under sub-section (1) of section 15; (h) conditions required for the proper conduct of a new course or training and conditions for granting permission under clause (a) of sub-section (3) of section 15; (i) the functions which may be assigned by the Council to the Executive Committee under sub-section (1) of section 19; (j) the procedure and the quorum necessary for transaction of business at the meetings of the Executive Committee under sub-section (5) of section 19; (k) the manner in which and the purposes for which the Executive Committee may co-opt persons under sub-section (6) of section 19; (l) the number of persons under clause (c) of sub-section (3) of section 20; (m) the term of office and allowances payable to members under sub-section (5) of section 20; (n) additional functions to be performed by the Regional Committee under sub-section (6) of section 20; (o) the functions of, the procedure to be followed by, the territorial jurisdiction of, and the manner of filling casual vacancies among members of, a Regional Committee under sub-section (7) of section 20; (p) any other matter in respect of which provision is to be, or may be, made by regulations. 1 Ins. by Act 18 of 2011, s. 7 (w.e.f. 1-6-2012).

Title: Rules and regulations to be laid before Parliament

Description: Every rule and every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both House agree in making any modification in the rule or regulation, or both House agree that the rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.

Title: Power to remove difficulties

Description: (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order, published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act as may appear to be necessary for removing the difficulty: Provided that no order shall be made under this section after the expiry of two years from the commencement of this Act. (2) Every order made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament.

Title: Short title, extent, commencement and application

Description: (1) This Act may be called the Recovery of Debts 1[and Bankruptcy] Act, 1993. (2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir*. (3) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 24th day of June, 1993. (4) 2[Save as otherwise provided, the provisions of this Code] Act shall not apply where the amount of debt due to any bank or financial institution or to a consortium of banks or financial institutions is less than ten lakh rupees or such other amount, being not less than one lakh rupees, as the Central Government may, by notification, specify. 1. Subs. by Act 31 of 2016, s. 249 and the Fifth Schedule, for "Due to Banks and Financial Institutions" (w.e.f. 1-12-2019) . *. Vide notification No. S.O. 3912(E), dated 30th October, 2019, this Act is made applicable to the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union territory of Ladakh. 2.Subs, by s. 249 and the Fifth Schedule, ibid for "The provision of this Code" (w.e.f. 1-12-2019).

The National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993