Section 16 in The National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993

Title: Affiliating body to grant affiliation after recognition or permission by the Council.

Description: Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, no examining body shall, on or after the appointed day,-- (a) grant affiliation, whether provisional or otherwise, to any institution; or (b) hold examination, whether provisional or otherwise, for a course or training conducted by a recognised institution, unless the institution concerned has obtained recognition from the Regional Committee concerned, under section 14 or permission for a course or training under section 15.

Title: Contravention of provisions of the Act and consequences thereof

Description: (1) Where the Regional Committee is, on its own motion or on any representation received from any person, satisfied that a recognised institution has contravened any of the provisions of this Act, or the rules, regulations, orders made or issued thereunder, or any condition subject to which recognition under sub-section (3) of section 14 or permission under sub-section (3) of section 15 was granted, it may withdraw recognition of such recognised institution, for reasons to be recorded in writing: Provided that no such order against the recognised institution shall be passed unless a reasonable opportunity of making representation against the proposed order has been given to such recognised institution: Provided further that the order withdrawing or refusing recognition passed by the Regional Committee shall come into force only with effect from the end of the academic session next following the date of communication of such order. (2) A copy of every order passed by the Regional Committee under sub-section (1),-- (a) shall be communicated to the recognised institution concerned and a copy thereof shall also be forwarded simultaneously to the University or the examining body to which such institution was affiliated for cancelling affiliation; and— (b) shall be published in the Official Gazette for general information. (3) Once the recognition of a recognised institution is withdrawn under sub-section (1), such institution shall discontinue the course or training in teacher education, and the concerned University or the examining body shall cancel affiliation of the institution in accordance with the order passed under sub-section (1), with effect from the end of the academic session next following the date of communication of the said order. (4) If an institution offers any course or training in teacher education after the coming into force of the order withdrawing recognition under sub-section (1), or where an institution offering a course or training in teacher education immediately before the appointed day fails or neglects to obtain recognition or permission under this Act, the qualification in teacher education obtained pursuant to such course or training or after undertaking a course or training in such institution, shall not be treated as a valid qualification for purposes of employment under the Central Government, any State Government or University, or in any school, college or other educational body aided by the Central Government or any State Government.

Title: Appeals

Description: (1) Any person aggrieved by an order made under section 14 or section 15 or section 17 of the Act may prefer an appeal to the Council within such period as may be prescribed. (2) No appeal shall be admitted if it is preferred after the expiry of the period prescribed therefor: Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the expiry of the period prescribed therefor, if the appellant satisfies the Council that he had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within the prescribed period. (3) Every appeal made under this section shall be made in such form and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order appealed against and by such fees as may be prescribed. (4) The procedure for disposing of an appeal shall be such as may be prescribed: Provided that before disallowing an appeal, the appellant shall be given a reasonable opportunity to represent its case. (5) The Council may confirm or reverse the order appealed against.

Title: Executive Committee

Description: (1) The Council shall constitute a Committee, called Executive Committee for discharging such functions as may be assigned to it by the Council or as may be determined by regulations. (2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the following members, namely:-- (a) the Chairperson; (b) the Vice-Chairperson; (c) the Member-Secretary; (d) the Secretary to the Government of India in the Department dealing with Education, ex officio; (e) the Secretary, University Grants Commission, ex officio; (f) the Director, National Council of Educational Research and Training, ex officio; (g) the Financial Adviser to the Government of India in the Department dealing with Education, ex officio; (h) four experts in teacher education to be nominated by the Central Government; (i) four State representatives to be nominated by the Central Government in such manner as may be prescribed; (j) the Chairpersons of the Regional Committees. (3) The Chairperson and the Member-Secretary of the Council shall respectively, function as the Chairperson and the Member-Secretary of the Executive Committee. (4) The Chairperson or in his absence, the Vice-Chairperson of the Council shall preside at the meetings of the Executive Committee and in the absence of both the Chairperson and the Vice-Chairperson, any other member chosen by the members present at the meeting shall preside at the meeting. (5) The quorum necessary for the transaction of business at the meetings of the Executive Committee shall be as laid down by regulations. (6) The Executive Committee may co-opt, in such manner and for such purposes, as may be determined by regulations, not more than two persons whose assistance and advice, it may desire in carrying out any of the functions assigned to the Executive Committee: Provided that the persons co-opted by the Executive Committee for any purpose shall have a right to take part in the discussions relevant to that purpose, but shall not have a right to vote at a meeting of the Executive Committee, and shall not be a member for any other purpose. (7) The Council may, if it considers necessary, establish such other committees, for such specific purpose, as it may deem fit.

Title: Regional Committees

Description: (1) The Council shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish the following Regional Committees, namely:-- (i) the Eastern Regional Committee; (ii) the Western Regional Committee; (iii) the Northern Regional Committee; and (iv) the Southern Regional Committee. (2) The Council may, if it considers necessary, establish with the approval of the Central Government, such other Regional Committees as it may deem fit. (3) The Regional Committee shall consist of the following members, namely:-- (a) a Member to be nominated by the Council; (b) one representative from each of the States and the Union territories of the region, to be nominated by the respective States and the Union territories; (c) such number of persons, having special knowledge and experience in matters relating to teacher education, as may be determined by regulations. (4) The Council shall nominate one of the members of the concerned Regional Committee to function as the chairperson of the said Committee. (5) The term of office of the members referred to in clause (c) and the allowances payable to such members shall be such as may be determined by regulations. (6) The Regional Committee shall, in addition to its functions under sections 14, 15 and 17, perform such other functions, as may be assigned to it by the Council or as may be determined by regulations. (7) The functions of, the procedure to the followed by, the territorial jurisdiction of, and the manner of filling casual vacancies among members of, a Regional Committee shall be such as may be determined by regulations.

The National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993