Section 4 in The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003

Title: Fiscal management principles

Description: 1[4. Fiscal management principles.--(1) The Central Government shall,-- (a) take appropriate measures to limit the fiscal deficit upto three per cent. of gross domestic product by the 31st March, 2021; (b) endeavour to ensure that— (i) the general Government debt does not exceed sixty per cent.; (ii) the Central Government debt does not exceed forty per cent., of gross domestic product by the end of financial year 2024-2025; (c) not give additional guarantees with respect to any loan on security of the Consolidated Fund of India in excess of one-half per cent. of gross domestic product, in any financial year; (d) endeavour to ensure that the fiscal targets specified in clauses (a) and (b) are not exceeded after stipulated target dates. (2) The Central Government shall prescribe the annual targets for reduction of fiscal deficit for the period beginning from the date of commencement of Part XV of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2018 and ending on the 31st March, 2021: Provided that exceeding annual fiscal deficit target due to ground or grounds of national security, act of war, national calamity, collapse of agriculture severely affecting farm output and incomes, structural reforms in the economy with unanticipated fiscal implications, decline in real output growth of a quarter by at least three per cent. points below its average of the previous four quarters, may be allowed for the purposes of this section. (3) Any deviation from fiscal deficit target under sub-section (2) shall not exceed one-half per cent. of the gross domestic product in a year. (4) The Central Government shall, in case of increase in real output growth of a quarter by at least three per cent. points above its average of the previous four quarters, reduce the fiscal deficit by at least one-quarter per cent. of the gross domestic product in a year. (5) Where the fiscal deficit is allowed to vary from the target prescribed under the proviso to sub-section (2) or deviation is initiated under sub-section (4), a statement explaining the reasons thereof and the path of return to annual prescribed targets under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be, before both the Houses of Parliament.] 1. Subs. by Act 13 of 2018, s. 213, for section 4 (w.e.f. 31-3-2018).

Title: Borrowing from Reserve Bank

Description: (1) The Central Government shall not borrow from the Reserve Bank. (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Central Government may borrow from the Reserve Bank by way of advances to meet temporary excess of cash disbursement over cash receipts during any financial year in accordance with the agreements which may be entered into by that Government with the Reserve Bank: Provided that any advances made by the Reserve Bank to meet temporary excess cash disbursement over cash receipts in any financial year shall be repayable in accordance with the provisions contained in sub-section (5) of section 17 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934(2 of 1934). 1[(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Reserve Bank may subscribe to the primary issues of Central Government Securities due to ground or grounds specified in the proviso to subsection (2) of section 4.] (4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Reserve Bank may buy and sell the Central Government securities in the secondary market 2[or converts Central Government Securities held by it with other Securities of the Central Government as mutually agreed between the Reserve Bank and the Central Government]. 1. Subs. by Act 13 of 2018, s. 214, for sub-section (3) (w.e.f. 31-3-2018). 2. Ins. by s. 214, ibid. (w.e.f. 31-3-2018)

Title: Measures for fiscal transparency

Description: (1) The Central Government shall take suitable measures to ensure greater transparency in its fiscal operations in public interest and minimise as far as practicable, secrecy in the preparation of the annual financial statement and demands for grants. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, the Central Government shall, at the time of presentation of annual financial statement and demands for grants, make such disclosures and in such form as may be prescribed.

Title: Measures to enforce compliance

Description: (1) The Minister-in-charge of the Ministry of Finance shall review, 1[on half-yearly basis], the trends in receipts and expenditure in relation to the budget and place before both Houses of Parliament the outcome of such reviews. 2[(1A) The Central Government shall prepare a monthly statement of its accounts.] (2) Whenever there is either shortfall in revenue or excess of expenditure over the 3[prescribed levels] during any period in a financial year, the Central Government shall take appropriate measures for increasing revenue or for reducing the expenditure (including curtailing of the sums authorised to be paid and applied from and out of the Consolidated Fund of India under any Act so as to provide for the appropriation of such sums): Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India under clause (3) of article 112 of the Constitution or to any other expenditure which is required to be incurred under any agreement or contract or such other expenditure which cannot be postponed or curtailed. (3)(a) Except as provided under this Act, no deviation in meeting the obligations cast on the Central Government under this Act, shall be permissible without approval of Parliament. (b) Where, owing to unforeseen circumstances, any deviation is made in meeting the obligations cast on the Central Government under this Act, the Minister-in-charge of the Ministry of Finance shall make a statement in both Houses of Parliament explaining— (i) any deviation in meeting the obligations cast on the Central Government under this Act; (ii) whether such deviation is substantial and relates to the actual or the potential budgetary outcomes; and (iii) the remedial measures the Central Government proposes to take. 1. Subs. by s. 215, ibid., for "every quarter" (w.e.f. 31-3-2018). 2. Ins. by s. 215, ibid. (w.e.f. 31-3-2018). 3. Subs. by s. 215, ibid., for "pre-specified levels mentioned in the Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement and the rules made under this Act" (w.e.f. 31-3-2018).

Title: Laying of review reports

Description: 1[7A. Laying of review reports.--The Central Government may entrust the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India to review periodically as required, the compliance of the provisions of this Act and such reviews shall be laid on the table of both Houses of Parliament.] 1. Ins. by Act 23 of 2012, s. 149 (w. e. f. 28-5-2012).

The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003