Section 34 in The Disaster Management Act, 2005

Title: Powers and functions of District Authority in the event of any threatening disaster situation or disaster

Description: For the purpose of assisting, protecting or providing relief to the community, in response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster, the District Authority may— (a) give directions for the release and use of resources available with any Department of the Government and the local authority in the district; (b) control and restrict vehicular traffic to, from and within, the vulnerable or affected area; (c) control and restrict the entry of any person into, his movement within and departure from, a vulnerable or affected area; (d) remove debris, conduct search and carry out rescue operations; (e) provide shelter, food, drinking water and ential provisions, healthcare and services; (f) establish emergency communication systems in the affected area; (g) make arrangements for the disposal of the unclaimed dead bodies; (h) recommend to any Department of the Government of the State or any authority or body under that Government at the district level to take such measures as are necessary in its opinion; (i) require experts and consultants in the relevant fields to advise and assist as it may deem necessary; (j) procure exclusive or preferential use of amenities from any authority or person; (k) construct temporary bridges or other necessary structures and demolish structures which may be hazardous to public or aggravate the effects of the disaster; (l) ensure that the non-governmental organisations carry out their activities in an equitable and non-discriminatory manner; (m) take such other steps as may be required or warranted to be taken in such a situation.

Title: Central Government to take measures

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government shall take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of disaster management. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (1), the measures which the Central Government may take under that sub-section include measures with respect to all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) coordination of actions of the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India, State Governments, National Authority, State Authorities, governmental and non-governmental organisations in relation to disaster management; (b) ensure the integration of measures for prevention of disasters and mitigation by Ministries or Departments of the Government of India into their development plans and projects; (c) ensure appropriate allocation of funds for prevention of disaster, mitigation, capacity-building and preparedness by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India; (d) ensure that the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India take necessary measures for preparedness to promptly and effectively respond to any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (e) cooperation and assistance to State Governments, as requested by them or otherwise deemed appropriate by it; (f) deployment of naval, military and air forces, other armed forces of the Union or any other civilian personnel as may be required for the purposes of this Act; (g) coordination with the United Nations agencies, international organisations and governments of foreign countries for the purposes of this Act; (h) establish institutions for research, training, and developmental programmes in the field of disaster management; (i) such other matters as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of securing effective implementation of the provisions of this Act. (3) The Central Government may extend such support to other countries affected by major disaster as it may deem appropriate.

Title: Responsibilities of Ministries or Departments of Government of India

Description: It shall be the responsibility of every Ministry or Department of the Government of India to— (a) take measures necessary for prevention of disasters, mitigation, preparedness and capacitybuilding in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Authority; (b) integrate into its development plans and projects, the measures for prevention or mitigation of disasters in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Authority; (c) respond effectively and promptly to any threatening disaster situation or disaster in accordance with the guidelines of the National Authority or the directions of the National Executive Committee in this behalf; (d) review the enactments administered by it, its policies, rules and regulations, with a view to incorporate therein the provisions necessary for prevention of disasters, mitigation or preparedness; (e) allocate funds for measures for prevention of disaster, mitigation, capacity-building and preparedness; (f) provide assistance to the National Authority and State Governments for— (i) drawing up mitigation, preparedness and response plans, capacity-building, data collection and identification and training of personnel in relation to disaster management; (ii) carrying out rescue and relief operations in the affected area; (iii) assessing the damage from any disaster; (iv) carrying out rehabilitation and reconstruction; (g) make available its resources to the National Executive Committee or a State Executive Committee for the purposes of responding promptly and effectively to any threatening disaster situation or disaster, including measures for— (i) providing emergency communication in a vulnerable or affected area; (ii) transporting personnel and relief goods to and from the affected area; (iii) providing evacuation, rescue, temporary shelter or other immediate relief; (iv) setting up temporary bridges, jetties and landing places; (v) providing, drinking water, essential provisions, healthcare, and services in an affected area; (h) take such other actions as it may consider necessary for disaster management.

Title: Disaster management plans of Ministries or Departments of Government of India

Description: (1) Every Ministry or Department of the Government of India shall— (a) prepare a disaster management plan specifying the following particulars, namely:— (i) the measures to be taken by it for prevention and mitigation of disasters in accordance with the National Plan; (ii) the specifications regarding integration of mitigation measures in its development plans in accordance with the guidelines of the National Authority and the National Executive Committee; (iii) its roles and responsibilities in relation to preparedness and capacity-building to deal with any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (iv) its roles and responsibilities in regard to promptly and effectively responding to any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (v) the present status of its preparedness to perform the roles and responsibilities specified in sub-clauses (iii) and (iv); (vi) the measures required to be taken in order to enable it to perform its responsibilities specified in sub-clauses (iii) and (iv); (b) review and update annually the plan referred to in clause (a); (c) forward a copy of the plan referred to in clause (a) or clause (b), as the case may be, to the Central Government which Government shall forward a copy thereof to the National Authority for its approval. (2) Every Ministry or Department of the Government of India shall— (a) make, while preparing disaster management plan under clause (a) of sub-section (1), provisions for financing the activities specified therein; (b) furnish a status report regarding the implementation of the plan referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (1) to the National Authority, as and when required by it.

Title: State Government to take measures

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, each State Government shall take all measures specified in the guidelines laid down by the National Authority and such further measures as it deems necessary or expedient, for the purpose of disaster management. (2) The measures which the State Government may take under sub-section (1) include measures with respect to all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) coordination of actions of different departments of the Government of the State, the State Authority, District Authorities, local authority and other non-governmental organisations; (b) cooperation and assistance in the disaster management to the National Authority and National Executive Committee, the State Authority and the State Executive Committee, and the District Authorities; (c) cooperation with, and assistance to, the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India in disaster management, as requested by them or otherwise deemed appropriate by it; (d) allocation of funds for measures for prevention of disaster, mitigation, capacity-building and preparedness by the departments of the Government of the State in accordance with the provisions of the State Plan and the District Plans; (e) ensure that the integration of measures for prevention of disaster or mitigation by the departments of the Government of the State in their development plans and projects; (f) integrate in the State development plan, measures to reduce or mitigate the vulnerability of different parts of the State to different disasters; (g) ensure the preparation of disaster management plans by different departments of the State in accordance with the guidelines laid down by the National Authority and the State Authority; (h) establishment of adequate warning systems up to the level of vulnerable communities; (i) ensure that different departments of the Government of the State and the District Authorities take appropriate preparedness measures; (j) ensure that in a threatening disaster situation or disaster, the resources of different departments of the Government of the State are made available to the National Executive Committee or the State Executive Committee or the District Authorities, as the case may be, for the purposes of effective response, rescue and relief in any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (k) provide rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance to the victims of any disaster; and (l) such other matters as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of securing effective implementation of provisions of this Act.