Section 31 in The Disaster Management Act, 2005

Title: District Plan

Description: (1) There shall be a plan for disaster management for every district of the State. (2) The District Plan shall be prepared by the District Authority, after consultation with the local authorities and having regard to the National Plan and the State Plan, to be approved by the State Authority. (3) The District Plan shall include— (a) the areas in the district vulnerable to different forms of disasters; (b) the measures to be taken, for prevention and mitigation of disaster, by the Departments of the Government at the district level and local authorities in the district; (c) the capacity-building and preparedness measures required to be taken by the Departments of the Government at the district level and the local authorities in the district to respond to any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (d) the response plans and procedures, in the event of a disaster, providing for— (i) allocation of responsibilities to the Departments of the Government at the district level and the local authorities in the district; (ii) prompt response to disaster and relief thereof; (iii) procurement of essential resources; (iv) establishment of communication links; and (v) the dissemination of information to the public; (e) such other matters as may be required by the State Authority. (4) The District Plan shall be reviewed and updated annually. (5) The copies of the District Plan referred to in sub-sections (2) and (4) shall be made available to the Departments of the Government in the district. (6) The District Authority shall send a copy of the District Plan to the State Authority which shall forward it to the State Government. (7) The District Authority shall, review from time to time, the implementation of the Plan and issue such instructions to different departments of the Government in the district as it may deem necessary for the implementation thereof.

Title: Plans by different authorities at district level and their implementation.

Description: Every office of the Government of India and of the State Government at the district level and the local authorities shall, subject to the supervision of the District Authority,— (a) prepare a disaster management plan setting out the following, namely:— (i) provisions for prevention and mitigation measures as provided for in the District Plan and as is assigned to the department or agency concerned; (ii) provisions for taking measures relating to capacity-building and preparedness as laid down in the District Plan; (iii) the response plans and procedures, in the event of, any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (b) coordinate the preparation and the implementation of its plan with those of the other organisations at the district level including local authority, communities and other stakeholders; (c) regularly review and update the plan; and (d) submit a copy of its disaster management plan, and of any amendment thereto, to the District Authority.

Title: Requisition by the District Authority

Description: The District Authority may by order require any officer or any Department at the district level or any local authority to take such measures for the prevention or mitigation of disaster, or to effectively respond to it, as may be necessary, and such officer or department shall be bound to carry out such order.

Title: Powers and functions of District Authority in the event of any threatening disaster situation or disaster

Description: For the purpose of assisting, protecting or providing relief to the community, in response to any threatening disaster situation or disaster, the District Authority may— (a) give directions for the release and use of resources available with any Department of the Government and the local authority in the district; (b) control and restrict vehicular traffic to, from and within, the vulnerable or affected area; (c) control and restrict the entry of any person into, his movement within and departure from, a vulnerable or affected area; (d) remove debris, conduct search and carry out rescue operations; (e) provide shelter, food, drinking water and ential provisions, healthcare and services; (f) establish emergency communication systems in the affected area; (g) make arrangements for the disposal of the unclaimed dead bodies; (h) recommend to any Department of the Government of the State or any authority or body under that Government at the district level to take such measures as are necessary in its opinion; (i) require experts and consultants in the relevant fields to advise and assist as it may deem necessary; (j) procure exclusive or preferential use of amenities from any authority or person; (k) construct temporary bridges or other necessary structures and demolish structures which may be hazardous to public or aggravate the effects of the disaster; (l) ensure that the non-governmental organisations carry out their activities in an equitable and non-discriminatory manner; (m) take such other steps as may be required or warranted to be taken in such a situation.

Title: Central Government to take measures

Description: (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government shall take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of disaster management. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of sub-section (1), the measures which the Central Government may take under that sub-section include measures with respect to all or any of the following matters, namely:— (a) coordination of actions of the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India, State Governments, National Authority, State Authorities, governmental and non-governmental organisations in relation to disaster management; (b) ensure the integration of measures for prevention of disasters and mitigation by Ministries or Departments of the Government of India into their development plans and projects; (c) ensure appropriate allocation of funds for prevention of disaster, mitigation, capacity-building and preparedness by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India; (d) ensure that the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India take necessary measures for preparedness to promptly and effectively respond to any threatening disaster situation or disaster; (e) cooperation and assistance to State Governments, as requested by them or otherwise deemed appropriate by it; (f) deployment of naval, military and air forces, other armed forces of the Union or any other civilian personnel as may be required for the purposes of this Act; (g) coordination with the United Nations agencies, international organisations and governments of foreign countries for the purposes of this Act; (h) establish institutions for research, training, and developmental programmes in the field of disaster management; (i) such other matters as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of securing effective implementation of the provisions of this Act. (3) The Central Government may extend such support to other countries affected by major disaster as it may deem appropriate.